Politik

 

Yudhoyono Highlighted Again

 

The honor “Knight Grand Cross in the Order of Bath” which has been received by Indonesian President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, from Queen Elizabeth II raises many criticisms. That granting honor considered part of bribes to expedite barter Tangguh gasses project in Teluk Bintani, Papua, between Indonesian government and company from the UK, British Petroleum.

 

NOT much Indonesian public knows about what happen behind granting honor from Queen Elizabeth II to Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono until now. Head of Anti-debt Coalition (KAU), Dani Setiawan, expects that granting honor to Yudhoyono is Anglo Saxon styles bribery. “This means, British Royal knows well Yudhoyono’s psychological whose cares about image and popularity. Granting honor is the way that has been used since the first by developed country to get their politic and economy interest in Indonesia.” Dani’s said.

 

Dani reveals that things happen too when Megawati Soekarno Putri as Indonesian President. Before sell Tangguh liquid natural gasses in low price to China, Megawati attended ballroom dance with Jiang Zemin, China’s President at that time. Another case is when Soeharto as Indonesian President, related when Indonesia bought fighter aircraft from UK.

 

Unfortunately, Yudhoyono did same mistake as Megawati which has denounced by himself. As a result, Papua become a business victim by state. Papua residents cried, their natural resources sold in lower price again to UK. Government should wisely to choose Pertamina to process the Tangguh gasses in Teluk Bintani, Papua. It consider that National Mining, Oil, and Gas Company has experience and succeed bring Lapangan Gas Badak, East Kalimantan, without spend any government budget expenditure. Without any accident more than 30 years and succeed sell with high price to Japan.

 

This far, some parties assume that Tangguh gas project concessions to British Petroleum Train 3 from the Indonesian government is bartering with the honor "Knight Grand Cross in the Order of the Bath" from Queen Elizabeth II to President Yudhoyono. Although the palace denials about that allegations barter, but is still does not work public dismissed the notion that Yudhoyono has barter Tangguh gasses with the honor which his receive from Queen Elizabeth II.

 

No transparency

Allegedly that granting honor will be hidden from Indonesia. But, accidentally the reason that granting honor gradually uncovered by UK. Several hours after granting honor by British Queen, British Embassy in Jakarta and British Prime Minister Office on Downing Street 10, London, announce a MoU between Indonesia and UK.

 

The announcement that broadcast by Reuters, the oldest British news office in the world, mention that MoU contain agreement between Indonesian Government and British Protoleum, British oil and gas company, to develop one gas terminal in Tangguh, West Papua. Ironically, Indonesian Government not do same things which makes assumption that Indonesian government want hide that MoU with contract value Rp 141 Billion with 1 US $ exchange rates Rp 9,500.

 

As a result, there is interpretation that granting honor for Yudhoyono very possible related with this gas business cooperation worth hundreds of trillions. That means Yudhoyono has did business trip stealthy, but the information submitted to people is Yudhoyono fulfill the invitation from the Queen.

 

The Palace, Firmanzah (Presidential Special Staff in Economic Affairs) and Julian Pasha (Presidential Spokesman) directly denied about this interpretation. Yet, that denial from The Palace has not loud. That honor can increase 240 million Indonesian good reputations which is lead by him. And Indonesian should be proud because their leaders get honor from Great Britain.

 

But what happens is that many questions are followed by a satirical term derail that honor. All of that does not reflect the pride in the people of Indonesia. There is a question of what criteria were used by UK to establish the Yudhoyono as a recipient of the honor.

 

This question appear because in Indonesian people blow subjective perception which judge Yudhoyono as president is fail to lead Indonesia. Because of that failure, Yudhoyono is not worthy to become a knight. All of his failure can make a pocket book if we described in here.

 

Another question is that any hidden motive with that honor? Because it is very impossible that the developed country likes UK grant something to foreigner without any national interest.

 

Besides questioning, there is several people try to analyze UK foreign policies. Still fresh in memory, almost a decade ago the UK including European countries did not allow the Garuda Indonesia plane landed in their country. This policy was followed by 26 other European Union countries.

 

Losses ban Garuda is bad for Indonesia. In addition, Garuda had to close European route for a while (now reopened), a few years ago, President Yudhoyono himself was having trouble to visit Europe. Because his presidential plane—Garuda, should not be landed in the European Union. The ban was related to the assessment of the European Airlines Association plus aviation safety regulator, that Garuda has no eligibility to fly. This assessment comes due in one period a Garuda planes crash.

 

Beside analysis about Garuda, UK foreign policy is highlighted. This country had embargo UK scorpion tank uses which had buy by Indonesia. Indonesian government suddenly prohibited to use that battle tank to confront GAM (Aceh Liberation Movement) in Aceh. Yudhoyono was the Ministry of Politic and Security Coordinator when that prohibited happened.

 

This granting honor is become controversial too. Because around a month before Yudhoyono departs to London, Palace networks handle press problem which want to raise an issue about a group of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in UK who want to catch the President Yudhoyono, if he visited to that country in November.

 

More information for that issue is that NGO promised money for anyone who can catch Yudhoyono. The effect which wants to appear by that issue is increasing sympathy and empathy to Yudhoyono. At least, Yudhoyono not much criticized too much flew away to many countries. Although, in that time many comments in press which dislike if Yudhoyono and his wife exaggerates go to other countries to taking care of not important problems.

 

Yudhoyono himself is not wrong with his decision to received that honor. Although is related to gas business, is not a big deal. Something gone wrong is only the way and the time. If that granting honor happens when Yudhoyono image as president is positive, people reaction will not bad.

 

Yudhoyono has invite Head of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia and Head of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia in president entourage to London. Whereas, accountability of two of them was also highlighted. By inviting the two chief political institutions that Yudhoyono seems to want to seek political support for the granting of the award.

 

Similarly took his eldest son who is a member of the active military. The President suggested giving excessive protection to the young officers and their family members. At the APEC summit, Vladivostok, just then, the young officer was also present as a member of the presidential entourage. Some reasonable facts that the President was not in the radar beam.

 

In this moment, everything is not correct because billion of Indonesian citizen should get protection from The President. The President was impressed highlight imagery. Well hopefully with the award, the President will change. From doubter to Knights for Indonesia.

 

Herbert/from various sources

 

Singapore Rejects Myanmar Shipwreck Survivors

 

 

 

A group of Shipwreck survivors rescued near Myanmar last week remains in limbo off Singapore’s coast despite concerns that they could be refugees, in a sign of wariness by Southeast Asian goverments about accepting asylum seekers amid an increased exodus from Myanmar.

 

 

The 40 survivors are aboard a Vietnamese cargo ship that picked them up when their vessel, the Nagu, sank Dec. 5 after making a port call in Myanmar’s western Rakhine province, according to the Indian coast guard. The Rakhine region has been embroiled in violence over the past year that has left tens of thousands of minority muslim Rohingya people homeless and accelerated migration.

 

 

It isn’t clear whether the survivors are Rohingya, whose plight has brought pressure on Myanmar’s goverment. The Vietnamese ship’s owner—the Northern Shipping Joint Stock Co., or Nosco—says the survivors claim to be from Myanmar but didn’t carry identification papers.

 

 

Singapore has barred the Nosco Victory from entering its harbor, while neighboring Indonesia has hinted at reluctance to accept the shipwrecked people. The incident also comes as civilsociety groups warn that growing numbers of Rohingya refugees are fleeing Rakhine by boat to nearby countries, prompted by Bangladesh’s continued closure of its border next to Rakhine state. Some recent attempts have ended in tragedy, including an October sinking that reportedly drowned about 130 Rohingya.

 

 

The Nosco was due to dock Sunday in Singapore. But the island state’s Maritime and Port Authority said Wednesday it had denied the ship entry because the rescued “do not appear to be persons eligible to enter Singapore,” and alleged the captain ignored advice from Indian authorities to take the survivors to the “nearest port of safety.” The authority didn’t respond to a query on the survivors’s ethnicity.

 

 

 

Singapura Tolak Myanmar Shipwreck Korban

 


Sekelompok korban Shipwreck diselamatkan dekat Myanmar pekan lalu tetap dalam limbo di lepas pantai Singapura meskipun ada kekhawatiran bahwa mereka bisa menjadi pengungsi, dalam tanda kecemasan oleh pemerintah dalam Asia Tenggara tentang menerima pencari suaka di tengah eksodus meningkat dari Myanmar.

 

 

The 40 korban berada di atas kapal laut kargo Vietnam yang mengambil mereka ketika kapal mereka, Nagu, tenggelam 5 Desember setelah membuat panggilan pelabuhan di barat Myanmar Rakhine provinsi, menurut penjaga pantai India. Wilayah Rakhine telah terlibat dalam kekerasan selama tahun lalu yang telah menewaskan puluhan ribu orang muslim minoritas Rohingya tunawisma dan migrasi dipercepat.

 

 

Tidak jelas apakah korban adalah Rohingya, yang telah membawa penderitaan tekanan pada pemerintah Myanmar. Pemilik-kapal Vietnam itu Pengiriman Utara Joint Stock Co, atau Nosco-kata yang selamat mengaku dari Myanmar tetapi tidak membawa KTP.

 

 

Singapura telah melarang Victory Nosco memasuki pelabuhannya, sementara Indonesia tetangga telah mengisyaratkan keengganan untuk menerima orang-orang terdampar. Insiden itu juga datang sebagai kelompok civilsociety memperingatkan bahwa meningkatnya jumlah pengungsi Rohingya yang melarikan diri dengan perahu ke Rakhine negara-negara terdekat, diminta oleh penutupan terus Bangladesh dari perbatasan sebelah negara bagian Rakhine. Beberapa upaya terakhir telah berakhir dengan tragedi, termasuk tenggelamnya Oktober yang dilaporkan tenggelam sekitar 130 Rohingya.

 

 

The Nosco adalah karena dermaga Minggu di Singapura. Tapi Maritim negara pulau dan Port Authority mengatakan Rabu pihaknya telah menolak masuknya kapal karena diselamatkan "tidak muncul untuk menjadi orang-orang yang memenuhi syarat untuk masuk ke Singapura," dan menuduh nasihat kapten diabaikan dari pemerintah India untuk mengambil korban ke port "terdekat keselamatan "kewenangan. tidak menanggapi permintaan pada etnisitas yang selamat itu.

 

 

 

 

ASEAN Student Exchange

 

 By Nurjolis

 

DESCRIPTION of Activities The series of activities conducted in ASEAN Student Exchange Programme 2012 in Yogyakarta, Central Java, refers to the goal outlined in previous chapter. Therefore, the Ministry of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia has designed a special program for participants of ASEAN Student Exchange 2012 so that the goals and expectations can be achieved.


1. Flag hoisting Ceremony Flag-hoisting activities of the ten ASEAN member countries carried out before the opening ceremony. This activity is intended for encouraging the spirit of patriotism of students towards the country and nation as well as to appreciate other nations in the world.


2. Country Presentation. Presentations conducted by student representatives from all ASEAN member countries aim at opening up horizons and knowledge of participants of ASEAN Student Exchange from the ten countries, namely by knowing the background of each country, among others, related to similarities and differences they have. It is expected that participants can promote mutual understanding and appreciate the differences that exist. Each contingent will be allocated 10 minutes for Country Presentation.


3. Solidarity Group Activities This group work activities is carried out in order that participants from all countries can blend, know each other, motivate, encourage each other in tasks and solve various problems encountered, help each other and foster sportsmanship spirit. The activities are implemented among others in the form of outbound activities, games, team building and group dynamic.


4. Innovative Works
Innovative Works are other forms of group work where participants were more geared to maximize their creativity in creating something useful for themselves, their peers and society. Participants in Innovative works are expected to share their experiences and teach participants from other countries about how to create useful things from the used materials. The activities are carried out among others in the form of handicrafts making. The committee will provide a set of used materials for each group. This recycling process is also supporting the goals of Education for Sustainable Development (EfSD).


5. Group Discussion Discussion activity is intended to get participants to expand their horizons about current issues, both nationally and internationally. Participants are required to be able to express their ideas and explore more information from the peers of other countries. This year, the theme of discussion will raise issues related to teenage life, problems of education, unemployment, gender issues, culture, tourism, health and HIV aids, and environmental issues.


6. Interaction with local students The event is held with the purpose that the participants will not only interact with fellow participants of ASEAN Students Exchange alone but they also have the opportunity to interact with students from local schools.Thus, participants from ASEAN countries can socialize and get to know Indonesian community more closely. In this program, all participants from ASEAN countries be visiting 3 Senior High Schools namely SMA Negeri 1 Yogyakarta, SMA Negeri 3 Yogyakarta and SMA Taruna Nusantara Magelang and 2 (two) Vocational High School namely SMK Negeri 2 Yogyakarta and SMK Negeri 2 Depok, Sleman.


7. Exhibition Exhibition is organized with the purpose to get participants to show special crafts from their respective countries as well as their works created or learned during their stay in Indonesia, such as the recycling of used goods through the innovative works. Participants from each country should bring traditional craft to display before the cultural performance. The committee will provide a table of around 1,5 m x 75 cm for each contingent.


8. Cultural Performance Cultural Performance is organized with the purpose that participants of all countries can introduce the traditional art and culture through the dances, music, and their unique costumes. Each country will be alocated 10 minutes for Cultural Performance.


9. Institutional Visit Institutional Visits are activities of visiting places that have cultural elements such as schools, learning centers, craft centers, tourist attractions, historical places such as museums, etc.. This program is held with the purpose that participants will broaden their insight, knowledge and experience so that they will know Indonesia more closely.

 

 

Training Course for Myanmar’s ASEAN Chairmanship

 

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Thailand in cooperation with the Royal Thai Embassy in Yangon, and the International Management Group (IMG), a consultant firm under the European Commission, held the 1st Senior Officials Training Course for Myanmar’s ASEAN Chairmanship from 23 - 26 October 2012 at Zabu Thiri Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw.  Participants comprised more than 50 senior officials from 16 government agencies of Myanmar.

 

This training is part of the supports from Thailand for Myanmar’s Chairmanship of ASEAN in 2014 aiming to strengthen capacity of Myanmar civil service in hosting missions ASEAN activities. The participants for this course will share knowledge to their colleagues with a view to ensure a successful role of Myanmar Chairman of ASEAN.


 

Burmese athletes to compete in 7th Asean Para Games

 

By  Lynn Ko

 

TWO hundred Burmese physically impaired athletes will contest in 12 sports in the Seventh Asean Para Games (APSF) in Burma in December 2013, Major General Nay Win, the president of the Myanmar Parasports Federation, said in a meeting in Naypyitaw.

Burma will host the 27th SEA Games, followed by the Seventh Asean Para Games, in Naypyitaw, Rangoon and Mandalay because Asean Para Games are usually hosted by the same country that host the SEA Games.

APSF officials said they were satisfied with Burma’s special preparations to serve the physically impaired athletes needs. He said Burma’s venues would meet world class standards and Burma could be one of the sports leaders in Asean by 2013.

“Our athletes will compete in track and field, swimming, table tennis, sitting volley ball, chess for the blind, gun shooting, soccer for the blind, weight lifting, bowling, golf, archery and basket ball,” said Major General Nay Win.   

Thirty-six Burmese athletes competed in the Sixth Asean Para Games held in Indonesia and won a total of 34 medals. “Training the athletes in camp as preparation for competing in the Para Games, we need to spend an estimated 442 million kyat,” he said.

He added that to host the games, Burma will provide vehicles for handicapped athletes, hostels, sports villages and volunteers. Burma competed with Singapore to host the 27th SEA Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.

 

ASEAN School Tour Program 2012

 

TO raise awareness of ASEAN and ASEAN Member States among the schoolchildren in Korea, the ASEAN-Korea Centre organized its fifth school tour program at Yong-am Elementary School located in Yongsan-gu district in Seoul for 220 students in grade 3-6 on 25 September.

 

For the fifth school tour program, Myanmar?the golden land with rich cultural heritages and natural resources, was featured as the guest country. In cooperation with the Embassy of Myanmar, the activities such as traditional dances and a puppet show were presented at the program to show the fascinating cultures of Myanmar. Further, through ASEAN quiz and map puzzle games, the students had a chance to familiarize themselves with the ten member states of ASEAN.

 

The group of 20 librarians from the children’s libraries in ASEAN member states who are visiting Korea to participate in a capacity-building program organized by the National Library for Children and Young Adults also attended the Centre’s school tour program as part of their training program.

 

The School Tour Program is an annual program designed to boost awareness of ASEAN and its member states among the elementary schoolchildren in Korea. This year, the program reaches out to the students in provincial cities by organizing the program in cities such as Daejeon, Daegu, and Busan.

 

Young Officials of Cambodian and Myanmar Visit ASEAN-China Centre

 

ON 26 October 2012, Secretary-General Ma Mingqiang of ASEAN-China Centre met with the 60 members of the training class for Cambodian and Myanmar young officials. The representatives from All-China Youth Federation and Guangxi International Youth Communication Institute attended the meeting. On 26 October 2012, Secretary-General Ma Mingqiang of ASEAN-China Centre met with the 60 members of the training class for Cambodian and Myanmar young officials. The representatives from All-China Youth Federation and Guangxi International Youth Communication Institute attended the meeting.

 

Secretary-General Ma gave a detailed introduction on the establishment and the obligations of ACC, especially the work completed to push forward the cooperation in trade, investment, education, culture and tourism between China and ASEAN countries including Cambodia and Myanmar, and answered the questions of young officials. The head of Cambodian delegation, on behalf of Cambodian Government, thanked ACC's efforts to give promotion of Cambodia and to enhance the practical cooperation between Cambodia and China. He said that he would give publicity to ACC and support ACC's work when going home. After the meeting, the journalists of China Radio International and China Daily interviewed the representatives of training class.

 

The Training Class for Cambodia, Myanmar Young Officials is a programme organized by All-China Youth Federation and Guangxi International Youth Communication Institute, aiming to promote the mutual understanding and friendship between ASEAN and Chinese young officials. Since March 2002, more than 1200 young officials from 10 ASEAN Member States have attended this training programme. The officials of the above-said training class are mainly from the foreign affairs, commerce, culture and education affairs agencies of Cambodia and Myanmar.

 

 

Letter to ASEAN nations condemning Net decision

 

On September 4 [1996], the ASEAN member nations (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam) concluded an agreement to collaborate on devising restrictions on Internet communication. On September 16, a number of human rights, free expression and electronic privacy organizations wrote the following letter to the ASEAN secretariat in Jakarta, Indonesia to convey their concerns about this development. Similar letters were sent by the same organizations to the ASEAN members.

 

We, the undersigned organizations, are writing to express our deep concern about the decision announced on September 4 by ASEAN member nations to collectively regulate communication on the Internet. The agreement was announced in Singapore, at the close of a meeting of officials from ASEAN member nations that was organized by the Singapore Broadcasting Authority.

 

We would like to respectfully remind the ASEAN nations that content-based restrictions on online communication violate internationally guaranteed rights of free expression. As stated in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights:

 

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression: this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

 

The agreement did not include the adoption of a common regulatory framework by ASEAN member nations. However, we are concerned that a number of delegates to the meeting reportedly expressed support for Singapore's recently established Internet Code of Practice. Human Rights Watch/Asia has written to the Singaporean government to oppose these new regulations, which impose sweeping controls on content, including political discussion. The regulations have already resulted in arbitrary censorship of at least one newsgroup message. They will surely induce a chill on on-line speech in Singapore, and, as evidenced by the ASEAN decision, they will affect online speech throughout the region.

 

It has been reported that one of the reasons for the ASEAN agreement was a concern for preserving cultural values. While we recognize the importance of representation for all cultures on the Internet, we oppose censorship as a means of ensuring respect for cultural norms. We believe that the most effective means of responding to offensive content is by disseminating more content. Censoring offensive material will not remove it from the Internet; it will simply cause it to be reproduced on additional Internet sites.

 

We believe that the lack of agreement on a common regulatory strategy by ASEAN member nations demonstrates the futility of attempts by nations or groups of nations to introduce online content regulation schemes. Within the ASEAN group itself, the cultural values of Vietnam, for example, differ significantly from cultural values of the Philippines. It is unlikely that the diverse group of ASEAN nations will reach an agreement on the specifics of what should be censored, and how that censorship should be accomplished. Moreover, because the Internet is a global medium, moves to restrict online content will initiate battles for competing cultural values on an international scale.

 

In closing, we would like to add that the attempt to restrict Internet communication will detract from the many benefits that electronic communication is bringing to the region. We hope that the ASEAN nations will reconsider their unfortunate decision and instead focus on the new opportunities that the Internet can provide to the citizens of the region.   SORENSK@hrw.org

 

 

Open letter to ASEAN Foreign Ministers at Informal ASEAN Forein Ministers Meeting (IAMM) on the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration

 

 

Wednesday, 26 September 2012 Thematics: Human rights & AICHR

To,

  • His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Brunei Darussalam
  • His Excellency Hor Namhong, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cambodia
  • His Excellency Dr. Marty Natalegawa, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Indonesia
  • His Excellency Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Laos PDR
  • His Excellency Dato’ Sri Anifah Aman, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia
  • His Excellency U Wunna Maung Lwin, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Myanmar
  • His Excellency Albert F. Del Rosario, Secretary of Foreign Affairs, the Philippines
  • His Excellency K. Shanmugam, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Singapore
  • His Excellency Dr. Surapong Tovichakchaikul, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Thailand
  • His Excellency, Pham Binh Minh, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vietnam

Cc to

  • His Excellency Om Yentieng, Chair of ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights
  • His Excellency Surin Pitsuwan, Secretary General of ASEAN

 

 

Your Excellencies,

 

We, the undersigned organizations, thank the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) for holding the second consultation meeting with civil society on the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD) in Manila on 12 September 2012. For the first time in this meeting, civil society organizations were able to make comments and inputs based on the actual official draft of the declaration dated 23 June 2012. This is a positive step in the right direction in enhancing transparency and public participation and the AICHR must be encouraged to continue to strengthen and expand such practices in the future and in other areas of its works.

 

In reviewing the draft declaration dated 23 June 2012, we are however very concerned with some of what we perceive are serious flaws in the document. If the draft declaration is to be adopted in its current form, it will fall below international human rights law and standards. This certainly does not bode well for the reputation and credibility of the ASEAN human rights mechanism, the first of its kind in the Asia Pacific region.

 

In view of your upcoming meeting on 27 September 2012 in New York to review the AHRD and that the AHRD will be adopted officially at the 21st ASEAN Summit in November 2012, we would like to urgently draw your attentions to some of these infirmities in the draft declaration.

 

Firstly, Article 7 of the draft declaration attempts to bring back the discourse of “Asian Values” and “regional particularities” by stipulating “the realization of human rights must be considered in the regional and national context bearing in mind different political, economic, legal, social, cultural, historical and religious backgrounds.” This clearly runs contrary to the principle of the universality of human rights as enshrined in the Vienna Declaration and Program of Action in 1993, which stated that “While the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical, cultural and religious backgrounds must be borne in mind, it is the duty of States, regardless of their political, economic and cultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms.”

 

Secondly, Article 6 of the draft declaration stipulates “the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms must be balanced with the performance of corresponding duties as every person has responsibilities to all other individuals, the community and the society where one lives.” While international human rights law and standards acknowledge that every person has responsibilities to his or her community, the notion of “balancing” them against human rights is alien to the concept of “inalienable” human rights as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). No existing international or regional human rights instrument seeks to define a mutual relationship in terms of “balancing” the human rights of individuals on the one hand and their “duties” or “responsibilities” on the other. ASEAN must not denigrate itself in the international community by adopting this stance.

 

Thirdly, Article 8 subjects all the rights proclaimed in the declaration to limitations based on considerations such as “the just requirements of national security, public order, public health, public safety, public morality, as well as the general welfare of the peoples in a democratic society.” This sweeping provision ignores the non-derogability of certain rights as well as the very narrow scope for restrictions allowed under international law and standards on others.

Fourthly, several universally recognised rights are not included in the draft declaration, among them the right to self-determination and the prohibition of enforced disappearance. Rights of specific marginalised groups, such as indigenous peoples, persons with disabilities, minorities, migrant workers, domestic workers (both local and migrant) and gay, lesbian, bi-sexual and transgender peoples are glaringly missing from the document as well.

 

ASEAN should learn the lessons from the Arab League of States and avoid proclaiming regional human rights declaration that is below international human rights law and standards. The Arab Charter of Human Rights released by the Arab League of States in 1994 ran in contradiction with human rights and stirred controversial debates on its credibility. This resulted in no ratification by Member States of the said Charter.

 

We therefore urge you to immediately address the flaws of the draft declaration by adopting our recommendations as outlined in our submission to AICHR to remedy the serious flaws in the draft declaration. This shall include amending the sub-standard General Principles, ensuring that it includes the full spectrum of human rights and adopting a final clause that explicitly and unequivocally precludes the interpretation of the Declaration as providing lower protections than the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Vienna Declaration and Program of Action (VDPA) or international human rights treaties to which ASEAN Member States are party.

 

For other concerns with regards to the draft declaration and our corresponding recommendations, we encourage you to refer to our submission made to the AICHR on 12 September 2012 as attached. We entreat you to uphold the highest standards in your deliberation of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration. It is our hope that the Declaration will result in both the promotion and protection of human rights such that the full realization of human dignity and a higher quality of life for ASEAN peoples can be truly achieved. It is time for ASEAN to be in step with the rest of the world in Human Rights promotion and protection.

 

Sincerely,

 

Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara, Amnesty International Philippines, Arus Pelangi Indonesia, ASEAN Disability Forum, ASEAN SOGI Network, ASEAN Watch Thailand

 

Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearance, Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development, Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, Asia-Pacific Solidarity Coalition (APSOC), Asylum Access Thailand, Balay Rehabilitation Centre, Cambodian Human Rights Action Committee (CHRAC), Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association, Cambodian Food and Service Workers’ Federation (CFSWF), Cambodian Workers Centre for Development (CWCD), Cambodia Youth Network (CYN), Center for Advocacy, Learning and Livelihood (CALL) Foundation of the Blind Inc., Centre for Migrant Advocacy, Child Rights Coalition Asia, Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Community (CFCC), Development Environment Community Association, Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era, Disabled Peoples International/Asia Pacific, Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict (GPPAC/SEA), Government Union for the Integration of Differently-Abled Employees of the Philippines(GUIDE), Independent Democratic of Informal Economic Association (IDEA), Indigenous Peoples Task Force on ASEAN, Indonesian LGBTIQ Forum Initiatives for International Dialogue, Kampanya Para sa Makataong Pamumuhay, Katipunan Ng Maykapansanansa Pilipinas, Inc.

 

Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Jakarta (Jakarta Legal Aid Institute), Malaysian Bar Council, Mekong Legal Network, Migrant Forum in Asia, Mindanao Human Rights Action Center, Myanmar People’s Forum (MPF), Network of Indigenous Peoples of Thailand (NIPT), NGO Coordinating Committee on Development (NGO-COD) – Thailand, People’s Empowerment Foundation, Philippines Alliance of Human Rights Advocates, Philippines Coalition for the International Criminal Court, Philippines Coalition on the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, The Philippine NGO Coalition on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Southeast Asian Committee for Advocacy, Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)

 

Sulong Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program ER, Task Force Detainees of the Philippines, The Commission for Missing Persons and Victims of Violence (KontraS)

 

Thai Committee for Refugees Foundation (TCR), Thai Volunteer Service Foundation

Think Center, Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau, Woman Health Philippines

Women’s Legal Education Association

 

 

 

Asians Embrace Chick Lit

THIS ONE’S FOR THE GIRLS

 

By Sonia Kolesnikov-Jessop

 

THE man who grace thinks is the one has finally given her The Ring! She is so blinded by love, she barely registers that he is moving overseas for work and hardly has time to talk to her—or that a leggy blonde appears in nearly all his photos. When Grace surprises him with a visit to Singapore, she suddenly finds herself on a furious chase to save her dream wedding, her sanity and her future children. The plot of “Amazing Grace”, by Tara FT Sering, bears all the hallmark of a typical chick-lit novel: a young, fashionable heroine working in a big city; a desperate quest for love; a series of obstacles encountered and overcome. But this story does have one notable difference: it was written by an Asian author for an Asian audience, and the protagonist is Chinese-Filipino.

           

Over the past decade, chick lit has quickly become a pop-culture phenomenon and a commercial force at bookstores all over the globe. Helen Fielding’s “Bridget Jones’s Diary (1996)” and Candace Bushnell’s “Sex and the City (1997)” were two of the most successful early chick-lit books, selling millions of copies, appearing in dozens of translations, spawning film and TV adaptations and turning their heroines into cult figures. More recently, Sophie Kinsella’s “Shopaholic” series and Lauren Weisberger’s  “The Devil Wears Prada”—and the new “Chasing Harry Winston—have also won over fans worldwide.

           

But while Anglo-American chick lit has inspired Latin American, Eastern European and Indian versions of the genre, Asian authors have been slower to embrace it. “There is a lot of interesting experimental writing coming out of China, but commercial chick lit doesn’t really exist,” says Marysia Juszczakiewicz, head of Literary Agency at Hong Kong’s Creative Work,which publishes the Asia Literary Review. While many Asian female novelists have tackled romance and sex—Wei Hui in “Shanghai Baby” or Ayu Utami in “Saman”, for instance—they haven’t really done so in the lighthearted, funny style associated with chick lit. “Western chick lit is about aspirations and relationships—and largely having it all,” says Juszczakiewicz. “Chinese women’s fiction in more about identity, and often set against a social and historical backdrop.”

           

Now one regional publisher, Marshall Cavendish, is seeking to capitalize on that market gap with witty literature written for Asian women and set within the Asian socioeconomic milieu. Last November it released the first three novels in a series titled “Asian Chic”, featuring sassy heroines trying to balance work, family, and love. The initial response was encouraging if not overwhelming, with each book selling about 2,000 copies in Singapore and Malaysia—modest compared with setablished titles like “The Nanny Diaries”.

           

This month the publisher is launching Keshara Young’s “The Love of Her Life”, which follows the jet-setting adventures of a billionaire’s newly married daughter who is still pondering whethershe married the right man. Two more titles are scheduled for later this year, thanks in part to a writing competition the publisher recently conducted in Singapore. More than 60 writers sent in their synopses, creating such a flurry of interest that Marshall Cavendish is now planning a similar contest in Malaysia. “We’ve always seen a demand for quality fictional writing with a local slant in the region,” says Chris Newson, general manager of Marshall Cavendish. “Chick lit has been one of the most successful global publishing genres over the last 15 years, and it’s been very successful commercially in the region, so why not produce a local variety?”

           

The trick is to make even local varieties hew closely to the standard formula. “You have a heroine who is cosmopolitan and independent—someone who other women want to be,” says Noelle Chua, author of Mrs. Mis Marriage, whose heroine’s glamborous life loses its luster as soon as her new boyfriend proposes. “But she’s not perfect, like the heroines of old Barbara Cartland romance novels. From the beginning, like in “Bridget Jones”, you see her flaws, and the heroine can laugh at herself.”

           

While love’s travails and professional success are universal chick-lit themes, Asian chick lit also reflects some cultural differences. “In Western chick lit, the heroine’s support system consists almost entirely of friends, but in Asian societies, family is also very much involved,” says Lum Kit Wye, the winner of the Marshall Cavendish writing competition. Her novel, “In Ten Easy Steps”, about a homebody legal secretary who relies on her family to help her change her life after her boyfriend dumps her, will be published in Singapore this fall. Sex, fairly pervasive though never very graphic in most Anglo-Saxon chick lit, is more understated in Asian chick-lit novels. “The heroines are urbane, modern Asians, but they’re probably less forward than their Western counterparts, especially in term of their relationships with men,” says Chua. “I thinks Asian women by and large are still less aggressive and outspoken than Western one.”

           

What works in one Asian country seems to work in another; Marshall Cavendish recently reached a licensing deal with a Philippine publisher for rights to the first three “Asian Chic” books. Similar negotiations are underway in Hong Kong and Thailand. But whether these novels can entice readers in Europe and America is less certain. “It will have to be strong work, because it’s a style well installed in the West,” says Juszczakiewicz. Still, there are some names Asian writers could drop that would help their work resonate with chick-lit fans everywhere: Manolo Blahnik and Jimmy Choo, for starters. Newsweek

 

 

 

Asia’s Great Moderation

Some of the world’s stablest economies are Asian. Time to worry?

 

 

Center Field: Why Israel should say "NO" to the Palestinians

 

After 8 days of Hamas missiles falling, after decades of Palestinian suicide bombings and hostage holding, Israel should be applauding Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas’s trip to New York. After all, he is turning to the United Nations, the global peace forum, to advance his people’s cause. Isn’t this what we begged the Palestinians to do, to fight for their rights honorably and peacefully not violently and despicably?

 

I wish I could cheer this move, then urge the Israeli government to do the same. A diplomatic war of words beats a violent war of swords. But I understand the Israeli disdain for this UN power play, requesting a General Assembly vote to make Palestine a “non-member observer state.” For the Palestinians to expect Israelis, Americans, or any self-respecting Westerners to applaud this UN move, is like a husband taking his wife to divorce arbitration, when he and the mediator are embroiled in a torrid, self-destructive affair – then condemning the wife for disrespecting “the process.”

 

 There are three major reasons why peace-seekers the world over, not just in Israel, should encourage Mahmoud Abbas to seek affirmation elsewhere. First, Israelis are justified in doubting the Palestinians’ motives. Apparently, the Palestinians want to use their upgraded status to take Israel to the International Criminal Court.  This move would libel Israel without advancing the peace process.  Like so much of the Palestinians’ pathological campaign to delegitimize Israel, it will backfire, hardening positions.

               

Unlike so many professedly pro-Palestinians leftists, who treat Palestinians condescendingly as perpetual victims free of responsibility, I respect Palestinians as constituting a political community. They make choices and must accept the consequences of their actions. After trying to strip Israel of its good name for decades, they are paying the price.  Israel should doubt PA motives, question Palestinian credibility and block PA attempts to damage Israel politically.

               

Once again, the Palestinians’ delegitimization campaign undermines them. Rather than forcing Israelis to confront their own ambivalences about peaceful Palestinian moves, the nefarious Palestinian motives give Israelis a built-in denial mechanism. If the Palestinians accept two states, they need to learn what most Israelis learned in the 1990s:  their rivals are not going away. If, like good totalitarians, they want to continue deluding themselves, they are on the right path.

               

Similarly, the Palestinian decision, essentially to make a UDI, a unilateral declaration of independence, exacerbates another  Israeli-Palestinian pathology. Just as real respect entails Palestinians accepting the consequences of their actions, a real relationship involves Palestinians engaging in mutuality and not one-way deals.

               

Even though the Palestinian return to terror under Yasir Arafat undermined the Oslo peace process, Oslo still provides the fundamental organizing structure for the shadow state that currently exists in the West Bank, including the funding model bankrolling the PA.  Unilateral UN moves abrogate the Oslo treaties. If the PA breaks its vow, Israel should cut funding, or change the relationships the Oslo agreements established. Assuming that only Palestinians can act out, defy, violate, perpetuates an unequal relationship that when it hurts the Palestinians is incorrectly called “racism” and when it benefits them is called “justice,” equally incorrectly. Just as democracy requires rule of law, stable relations between rival peoples require basic consistency and fairness.

               

This Palestinian power play jeopardizes that fairness principle. The United Nations has consistently fed the Palestinians’ extremist fantasies – hurting the Palestinians, Middle East peace prospects, and the UN itself. The Palestinian cause has been toxic for the UN since the 1970s, when a Soviet-orchestrated coalition of propagandists and dictators muscled through the infamous Zionism-is-racism resolution on November 10, 1975. That is that the day the UN died in the eyes of many Jews and Israelis – along with many Americans and Western democrats.

               

America’s human rights representative to the UN at the time, Leonard Garment, called the Zionism-racism resolution “obscene.” Garment and the US Ambassador to the UN Daniel Patrick Moynihan warned that this self-destructive UN decision would devalue the universal currency it established in pursuing human rights for all since World War II.  In August 1975, the Helsinki Accords launched a new appreciation for human rights as a tool for gaining international justice. Just three months later, the Zionism is racism resolution had the UN teaching how to use human rights rhetoric to bash an unpopular member state.

               

In succumbing to the Soviet-Arab agenda to delegitimize Israel, the UN became an obstacle to peace. Americans lost faith in the UN after a national outpouring of outrage against the resolution – and for Israel. Since then, the UN has rarely contributed to Middle East peace. The Third World dictators’ debating society would not even approve the breakthrough Camp David peace accords between Israel and Egypt, while the Oslo peace process began in Oslo – not Geneva or New York.

               

Failing to become the redemptive hope of humanity it promised to be after World War II, the United Nations empowered the Benighted Nations. It became an international joke, mocking its founding ideals by creating a Bizarro world, an inverse universe lacking moral gravity, hailing dictators and demeaning democracies.  The Benighted Nations welcomed thugs like Uganda’s Idi Amin and the PLO’s chief terrorist Yasir Arafat, sporting a holster. The Benighted Nations made Libya, Syria and other tyrannies human rights arbiters. The Benighted Nations encouraged Third World terrorism and Western appeasement.

               

The Palestinians remain addicted to the perverse judgments of this corrupted UN, and the General Assembly majority continues to enable Palestinian extremism.  If the PA wants to distinguish itself from Hamas and pursue peace, Mahmoud Abbas should save the airfare and instead visit Jerusalem – as Egyptian President Anwar Sadat did 35 years ago this month. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu should similarly stretch and welcome Abbas with real negotiations not posturing.

 

 Gil Troy is Professor of History at McGill University and a Shalom Hartman Engaging Israel Research Fellow in Jerusalem.

 

 

 

Rohingya - NO PLACE LIKE HOME

 

The Rohingyas need the help of the Burmese Government, Aung San Suu Kyi and the outside world.

 

THE political transformation in Myanmar this past year or more has so far seemed one of history’s more remarkable revolutions. It has seemed, indeed, to be a revolution without losers. The army, which brutalised the country for half a century, remains influential and unpunished. Political prisoners have been freed by the hundreds. The opposition and its heroine, Aung San Suu Kyi, have successfully entered mainstream politics. What had seemed a purely ornamental parliament is showing it has a fuction. Foreign countries that shunned the dictatorship, hemming it in with sanctions, can exploit Myanmar’s untapped market and treasure-house of natural resources.

 

One group, however, has lost, and lost terribly. Around im members of the mostly muslim Rohingya minority remain in Myanmar’s impoverished western state of Rakhine. They are survivors of relentless rounds of persecution that have created a diaspora around the world that is perhaps twice as big. As The Economist went to press, more than 100 boat people, mosly Rohingyas, were missing in the Bay of Bengal. They were fleeing hideous peril at home in Myanmar. Members of the ethnic-Rakhine majority, who are mostly Buddhist, have seen the greater liberties the country now enjoys as the freedom to resume persecution.

 

Members of both ethnic groups are gulity of abuses in the violence that flared in June and again in October. But its main contours are clear: a vicious and bloody campaign of ethnic groups are guilty of abuses in the country now enjoys as the freedom to resume persecution. Members of both ethnic groups are guality of abuses in the violence tha flared in June and again in October.

 

But its main contours are clear: a vicious and bloody campaign of ethnic cleansing by the Rakhines that is intended to drive Rohingyas out. Rakhine politicians say frankly that the only alternative to mass deportation is a Burmese form of apartheid, in which more Rohingyas are corraled into squalid, semi-permanet internal-refugee camps. Most Rohingyas have lived in Myanmar for generations—at least since British colonial days. But Rakhines and other Burmese citizens see them all as fairly recent illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

 

Dozes have died, thousands of homes have been destroyed and tensof thousands of people have been displaced. This must stop, not just because it is a cruel injustice but also because it threatens reforms and even the future of Myanmar itself. The violence offers an excuse to those hardliners wo have always equated democracy with anarchy, fearing that, without the army’s firm hand, Myanmar’s borderlands, all inhabited by disgruntled ethnic minorities, would descend into bloodletting.

 

In fact, for once, the army really does need to be firmer—but in stopping violence, detaining perpetrator, and helping Rohingyas survive the unofficial comercial boycott that is leaving many hungry and thirsty. Parliament and the government, for their part, need to revise the Citizenship Act of 1982, which has been used as the tool render most Rohinyas stateless. Rohingyas with a good claim to citizenship should have it. And their claims should be examined generously: it is not easy to prove your lineage when everything you have has been reduced to ashes.

 

Responsibility to protect

Citizenship is not enough, however. Leaders need to speak out in the Rohingya’s defence. The one person in Myanmar with genuine moral authority, Miss Suu Kyi, has confined herself to calling for respeck for the rule of law. When the law is unjust and unfairly applied—as it long was against her—that is not a betrayal of the high moral principles she has always espoused.

 

Elsewhere, Bangladesh must accommodate fleeing Rohingyas. The West has tended to regard the Rohingya’s plight as a peripheral problem that should not deflect it from lifting sanctions and engaging with hte new Myanmar. Yet it should make clear that ethnic cleansing on this scale is central to its concerns. The test of a fledgling democracy is not just how it cares for the majority, but how it protects its minorities.

 

The Economist

 

King Bhumibol - A Monarch for Modern Thailand

 


King Bhumibol Adulyadej’s development work has prepared his nation for the future.

 

ON December 5, 2012, Thais in all parts of the country will express their joy and reverence for His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, who turns 85 on that day. Respect for age and royalty is part of Thai culture. But the people’s feelings for their King run deeper than that. Thais are well aware that King Bhumibol has played a vital in laying the groundwork for what is now a modern nation prepared for the future.

 

With 66 years on the throne, King Bhumibol is the world’s longest-reigning monarch. A constitutional monarch, he is above politics. Over the decades, he has contributed to national advancement in public health, education, agricultural research, uplift the poor, include the marginalized, and ready Thailand for an era of globalization and change in a sustainable manner.

 

King Bhumibol has accomplished all this through innovative ideas and development projects. Educated in constitutional law, science and engineering, he holds 20 patents for various inventions. His “New Theory” on agriculture has been praised by the United Nations. His philosophy is based on inclusion, sustainability, moderation and equity. These qualities have contributied greatly to building Thailand’s resilience.

 

During the 1960s, King Bhumibol, Queen Sirikit and the Royal Family began traveling the Kingdom to learn about villagers problems and propose solutions. As a result, the King’s Chaipattana Foundation has launched over 4,360 Royal Development Projects. Not every idea was implemented. “His Majesty’s approach relies on democratic values and community participation,” says Sumet Tantivejkul, director of the Chaipattana Foundation. “If villagers feel a project it not appropriate for them, we don’t do it.”

 

The projects that went forward have improved people’s lives. Visionary in approach, they cover four general areas.

 

Public Health The King’s Village Doctors Program trained health volunteers in hundreds of communities. He contributed to the eradication of leprosy; funded dozens of hospitals and health centers; coordinated disaster preparation and response; and improved nutrition the promotion of dairy and iodine consumption.

 

Education The King and his foundation have established education centers for development, granted royal scholarship to produce a corps of national talent, built schools in remote border areas, promoted life-long learning and published Thai-language encyclopedias.

 

A SELECTION OF HONORS AND ACCOLADES

 

  • WIPO Global Leader Award (2009)

For extraordinary commitment to promoting intellectual property and important contributions to society as a prolific inventor.

 

  • TIME Asian Hero (2006)

For Shaping the Asia of our times.

 

  • UNDP Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award (2006)

For extraordinary contributions to human development at the national and globa level.

 

  • Berkeley Medal (University of California, Berkeley—2000)

For devotion to the Thai people and great contributions toward the country’s stability and economy vitality.

 

  • WHO Plaque (2000)

For unstinting and powerful moral leadership and example in public health.

 

  • Sandford Medal (Yale University—2000)

For preservation of the musical culture of Thailand through education and performance.

 

  • TeleFood Medal (FAO—1999)

For dedication to Thailand’s agricultural development, with the aim of raising farmers standard of living and establishing food security.

 

  • Award of Appreciation

(United Nations International Drug Control Programme—1994)

For outstanding contributions to drugs control efforts in Thailand.

 

  • UNEP Gold Medal of Distinction (1992)

For outstanding contrivutions in rural development and quality of life promotion.

 

Your Majesty has made an extraordinary contribution to human development. As the world’s ‘Development King,’ Your Majesty has reached out to the poorest and the most vulnerable people of Thailand... As a visionary thinker, Your Majesty has played an invaluable role in shaping the global develo[pment dialogue.”

 

Kofi Annan,

then Secretary-General of the United Nations, presenting UNDP’s first ever Human Development Lifetime Achievement Award to His Majesty King

 

Bhumibol Adulyadej on May 26, 2006.

 

Agriculture Through irrigation projects, the King has brounght water to farmers. He developed new strains of rice, encouraged crop diversification and advocated for less use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. He was instrumental in ending narcotics production in Thailand by guiding people to grow cash crops instead of opium.

 

His Majesty’s Royal Rain Project has experimented extensively with cloud-seeding and rainmaking technologies. Delegations from countries in Africa and the Middle East have visited Thailand to study and learn from the project’s experience.

 

Environment The King has lauched reforestation projects and campaigns to protect watersheds. He has been involved in the creation of national parks and wildlife reserves where several endangered species are now thriving.

 

“I do whatever I think is useful,” King Bhumibol once said in describing his role. “My objective was to improve people’s lives without destroying their equilibrium, their traditional values, their identity.” Wisdom and decades of hard work are why King Bhumibol has been called Thailand’s. “Guiding Light.” As His Majesty celebrates his85th birthday, it is clear that ‘long live the King” is more than a slogan to the people of Thailand.

 

Thailand’s Queen Work In Support of The King and The Thai People

ON Augustus 12, 2012, the Thai people marked a special occasion as their beloved Queen Sirikit Kittyakara celebrated her 80th birthday anniversary. More than longevity, they were celebrating her decades of work improving the lives of the people. She works in support of His Majesty King Bhumibol—traveling every corner of the Kingdom with him—and throungh her individual projects and efforts.

 

The Queen’s SUPPORT Foundation improves livehoods for people, especially women, by reviving and promoting Thai folk arts and handicrafts, including silk and fabric weaving, gold and silverware crafts, and traditional basketry. Women and children have also benefitted from her support of access to education and healthcare. Equally important are her contrivutions to forest preservation and environmental protection. In her travels abroad, Queen Sirikit has served as a graceful and charming abassador for Thailand. Thais hold their Queen in such deep respect and affection that they celebrate her birthday as Mother’s Day and refer to her as “Mother of the Land.”www.thailandtoday.org

 

Thailand Today

Stable, Strogner and Sustainable

 

SOLID fundamentals and resilience are important reasons why investors continue to choose Thailand. Events of recent years certainly captured headlines. Here is a brief look at where Thailand stands today.

 

Politically Stable Thailand is enjoying political stability following periods ofpolitical unrest. The country held free and fair elections in 2011, and all sides accepted the results. The goverment is working to sustain political stability by fostering national reconciliation through dialogue and implementing recommendations of the Trurt for Reconciliation Commission of Thailand.

 

More Disaster-Resistant Thailand has made a remarkably rapid recovery from late 2011 when it suffered its worst floods i half a century. Nearly affected factory has now resumed operations. The future looks more secure as the government has begun work on an $11 billion flood prevention and water management system that focuses on preparation, protection, response and recovery.

 

Economically Resilient Thailand’s experiences in the 1997 Asian meltdown spurred it to adopt financial, economic and governance reforms that added layers of strength to its solid fundamentals. Consequently, the Kingdom weathered the global economic and financial crises with minimal impact. The Thai economy is still growing by over 5 percent, trade and current account balances are positive, and the country is financially secure with $180 billion in foreign reserves.

 

Investing for The Future

Thailand provides a winning combination of reasons to invest as it seeks partners to build a higher-technology future

 

Thailand’s ability to attract foreign investment has been a key driver of its economic success. The Kingdom is among the top ten global destinations for foreign direct investment, according to a survey by the United Nations Council on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Foreign investment is icreasing, up 130 percent year-on-year through the first nine months of 2012.

 

Thailand is well-established as a manufacturing powerhouse in Asia. But now, Thailand is working on its next stage of developmet, building an advanced, knowledge-based and creative economy. Its board of Invesment (BOI) is offering its most generous incentives to those helping to increase the country’s capacities in research and development and green industries, while placing special emphasis on those who invest in Thailand’s growing higher-technology, alternative energy, eco-cars, fashion design and film production.

 

But Thailand also welcomes investments in all industries and is a great place to invest for any type of business. Investors continue to choose Thailand because it offers a winning combination of competitive advantages.

 

But Thailand also welcomes investmens in all industries and is a great place to invest for any type of business. Investors continue to choose Thailand because it offers a winning combination of competitive advantages.

 

Solid Fundamentals Thailand’s economic stability is underpinned by ample foreign reserves, low inflation, low unemployment, low public debt and strong domestic consumption. All of this places Thailand’s economy in a position of strength to withstand external shocks.

 

Strategic Location Thailand sits strategically midway between India and China and in the heart of Southeast Asia, maing it ideal for businesses to capture a huge market. The fast growing Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region alone is home to more than 600 million consumers. Moreever, Thailand’s preferential market access to the major Asian economies of China and India means businesses based in Thailand can reach billiions of consumers.

 

Extensive Infrastructure Thailand’s infrastruture is world-class in standard. Well-planned and plentiful infrastrukture has led to the development of industrial clusters that allow businesses to achieve cost-effective operations. Six deep-se ports, 28 commercial airports, and comprehensive highway and rail networks ensure logistical support for every region of the country and nearly 60 industrial estates. To further enhance Thailand’s domestic and international connectivity, $74 billion worth of infrastructure mega-projects are in the pipeline. Multi-billion are also underway to ensure that supply chain networks are never disrupted.

 

WHERE THAILAND STANDS

 

GLOBAL

  • Largest hard disk drive producer and exported
  • Largest natural rubber producer and exporter
  • 2nd largest sugar exporter
  • Top 5 net food exporter
  • 8th top host economy for FDI (UNCTAD)
  • 11th top tourist destination by receipts (UN World Tourism Organization)
  • 13th largest automotive manufacturer

 

REGIONAL

  • 2nd largest economy in ASEAN
  • 4th in Asia for ease of doing business (World Bank)
  • 10th in Asia for economic freedom (Heritage Foundation)

 

Investors are looking to Southeast Asia, and Thailand has advantages in infrastructure that investors are keen on.”

 

Minaru Furusawa

President of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce in Thailand

Supportive Policies Thailand competes for investment by offering attractive tax and non-tax incentives, and by prpviding legal frameworks that facilitate investment and afford high levels of protection for investors. These reflect the country’s long-standing openess to foreign investment and innovation.

 

Skilled Workforce Thailand has talent and plenty of it. The goverment promotes human resources develpment, particularly for IT professionals, to ensure that the workforce keeps pace with modern tecnology. The country’s high literacy rate underpins a large pool of cost-competitive, skillied workers capable of handling manufacturing jobs in computers, electronics, software, automotive and other modern industries.

 

Lastly, the Kingdom’s quality of life makes it easy to attract top-fligt expertise from around the world. Modern healthcare, international schools, cosmopolitan cities and the warmth of the Thai people make living and working in Thailand a rich and memorable experience. In its 2011 Expat Experience Report, HSBC ranked Thailand number one globall in terms of best overal expat experience and quality of life.

 

Couple that with the abundant and unparalleled opportunities for business success, and it is easy to see why, throungh good times and tough times, Thailand remains one of the most attractive havens for investment in Asia and beyond.

 

ECONOMY FACTS

  • 2012 GDP (projection): USD 373.3 billion
  • 2012 GDP Growth (projection): 5.5 %
  • Foreign Reserves (November 2012): USD 180.5 billion
  • Unemployment Rate (November 2012): 0.7 %
  • 2011 Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): USD 12.7 billion, a 68 % growth from 2010

 

Political Stability Restored

Thailand’s first female prime minister, Yingluck Shinawantra, opens a new chapter in Thai politics.

 

SINCE 1932, Thailand has been a parliamentary democracy with a contitutional monarchy. Democratic governance today extends from parliament all the way down to the village level where headmen are elected by those they serve. Independent organizationns, such as the National Human Rights Commision, serve as checks on government power, as doesthe country’s free and vibrant press and media. Thailand’s civil society is strong, and a thriving community of non-governmental organizations has helped raise political awareness and foster iclusion for marginalized groups and minorities.

 

Democracy, however, isn’t always smooth. In recent years, Thailand has seen its fair share of political unrest. Yet one simple truth remains clear: the country’s commitment to democracy is strong and resolute. National elections in July 2011 marked the beginning of a new chapter in the Kingdom’s efforts to achieve greater democratization and reconciliation. The enthusiasm shown by the Thai people, who registered the highest voter turnout in the country’s history, is evidence that democracy will continue to mature in Thailand.

 

The Yingluck Shinawatra government—backed by a firm mandate—has been sustaining democratic progress by promoting good governance, human rights, transparency, accountability and the rule of law. Meanwhile, national reconciliation remains a priority, and the government is studying recommendations in the final report of the Truth for Reconciliation Commission of Thailand. Several of the Commission’s earlier recommendations have already been adopted.

 

The return of political stability in Thailand is welcome news to the international community. Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra has made official visits to more than twenty countries, and a number of leaders have paid official visits to Thailand. Several countries such as China, Japan, and the United Kingdom have upgraded relations with the Kingdom to the level of strategic dialogue or partnership, attesting to their confidence that Thailand’s achievements will endure.

 

Around the world, democracy and representative goverment ar clearly on the rise. Thailand’s successes will serve as a useful reminder that a nation’s unwavering commitment to democracy can bear fruit despite despite setbacks and challenges that at times may seem overwhelming.

 

PRIME MINISTER YINGLUCK SHINAWATRA

WHEN Thailad elected Yingluck Shinawatra, a 44-year-old businesswoman and newcomer to the political scene, as its first woman Prime Minister in 2011, some predicted her term would brief. But having governed through the worst floods in 50 years, Prime Minister Yingluck seems to have confounded her skeptics by remaining popular with the majority of the public, according to every opinion poll. In an exclusive interview she detail Thailand’s progress during her time in office.

 

You made history by becoming Thailand’s first woman Prime Minister. How has that impacted Thailand?

Women have always played an important role in Thai society. Their contribution to the economy has been significant, both in the informal and corporate sectors. In fact, Thai women hold 39 percent of senior management positions, one of the highest percentages globally. So it not surprising that Thai voters have confidence in a woman to lead the country.

 

As a woman and mother, promoting the welfare of women and children is close to my heart. We have implemented several policies to improve the welfare of women and children, icluding improved access to affordable healthcare. We have also lauched a Women’s Development Fund to support women’s advancement. Ultimately, women and men must work in partnership for society to advance.

 

Some investors view Thailand as risky because in recent years its politics have been volatile. Is Thailand politically stable now?

Yes, we are. My goverment came into office through free and fair elections that saw the highest voter turnout in Thailand’s history. Moreever, I thinks people of all political views have learned some lessons over the past few years. There may still be occasional demonstrations, but these are normal in a democracy. We are now working hard with all sides to achieve national reconciliation. It may take time, but I am certain we will get there.

 

Our achievements have not gone unoticed. In a show of confidence, leaders of many countries have made official visits to Thailand seeking to strengthen bilateral relations, while I have made official visit to over twenty countries my self. We also have strategic dialogue and partnerships with key friends, from the United States to Chine, and the United Kingdom to Japan.

 

Why do you think the monarchy retains such importance for Thais in this modern era?

We Thais are forward-looking people, but we also value our traditions. His Majesty the King and the Royal Family have worked hard and doneso much for our nation. The Royal Development Projects have improved the live of countless Thais. His Majesty has earned the love, respect and devolution of the people, and demonstrated how valuable the institution of the monarch is to Thailand.

 

For three decades Thailand was the world’s largest rice exporter. This year, it looks like you will be number three. What happened?

Overall, our food exports are still risng. We are the largest food exporter in Asia because of the quality, safety, and delicious taste of our products. Our rice, in particular Thai jasmine rice, is regarded as the best in the world, but prices have gone up because we want to raise incomes for our farmers. If by losing some market share we can create a more equitable society, then it is worth it. Moreever, as Thai rice focuses more on high-end markets, its higher prices should generate as much revenue as before.

 

Most countries in Asia are competing for investment. Why should investors choose Thailand?

We are located at the center of the ASEAN Community, a market of 600 million consumers. Our fundamentals are strong. As is our domestic market. Our infrastructure is developed, and we are investing some $74 billion to enchane our connectivity with the region. Our economy is diverse, and our workers highly productive. Investors can achieve high returns in Thailand. And Thailand is a great place to be, because the people are friendly and the quality of life is exceptional.

 

Thailand has announced its candidacy for a non-permanent membeship in the United Nations Security Council for the term 2017-2018. Is Thailand looking to have a more prominent role in international affairs?

Absolutely. We are a medium-sized country that enjoys good relations with everyone, including all major powers, and so I think we can play a greater role in fostering global partnership for peace, security and prosperity by lending our neutral, fair, and honest voice in international affairs.

 

"I want to increase level of democracy in Indonesia and make it more stable than before with build superior, advanced, productive, innovative, and sustainable civilization. I wish your support with pray and fund"

 

Herbert Aritonang, Editor

candidate of House of Representative of the Republic of Indonesia

 

Properti

 

Kelebihan KPR Syariah Dibanding KPR Konvensional

 

JAKARTA - Saat ini Kredit Pemilikan Rumah (KPR) syariah mulai banyak dilirik konsumen. Sebab, KPR syariah dinilai memiliki kelebihan lain dibanding dengan KPR konvensional. Apa kelebihannya?

"Kalau dari saat pengajuan, syaratnya sama. Ada yang membedakan di antaranya dikelola dengan sistem syariah," kata Direktur Korporasi Muamalat Luluk Mahfudah kepada Okezone, saat ditemui di Griya SMF, Jakarta, Kamis (27/9/2012).

Selain itu, lanjutnya, keuntungan lain dari KPR Syariah adalah angsuran setiap bulannya tetap. Dia menambahkan, nilai angsuran yang tidak fluktuatif seperti menggunakan sistem bunga, seta tidak ada pinalti jika ingin melakukan pelunasan lebih cepat.

"Dan pastinya tidak berbunga-bunga dan konsumen tau, berapa besar yang harus disisihkan setiap bulannya," akunya lagi.

Sebagaimana diketahui, Bank Muamalat hingga saat ini telah menyalurkan pembiayaan perumahan atau Kredit Pemilikan Rumah (KPR) syariah hingga saat ini sebesar Rp4,3 triliun. Targetnya hingga akhir tahun bisa mencapai Rp4,8 triliun.

Dia menyebut, pembiayaan perumahan yang diberikan sekira Rp350 juta per unit. Adapun jangka waktunya adalah 10-15 tahun. Sayangnya, dia enggan menyebut berapa besaran bunga yang diberlaku. "Bunga bervariasi ya. Pokoknya kompetitif lah," tandasnya. (rhs)

 

 

Daftar Harga Sewa Perkantoran di Jakarta

 

JAKARTA - Sesuai dengan hukum ekonomi yang berlaku, di tengah permintaan unit perkantoran yang meningkat ternyata turut mempengaruhi harga sewa maupun harga jualnya.

Seperti dikutip dari data Cushman & Wakefield Indonesia, Kamis (27/9/2012), saat ini harga sewa rata-rata unit perkantoran tercatat terus naik per kuartal. Di kawasan Central Bussiness Distric (CBD) kenaikan setiap kuartalnya sebesar 5,3 persen menjadi Rp181.500 per m2.

Selanjutnya untuk kelas premium Grade A kenaikan harga per kuartal 10,3 persen menjadi Rp309.000 per m2. Grade A, B, dan C masing-masing naik 8,8 persen, 2,9 persen dan 3,6 persen menjadi Rp240.100 per m2, Rp172.300 per m2, dan Rp144.500 per m2.

"Biasanya untuk sewa, lamanya itu tiga tahun dan maksimal lima tahun," kata Head of Research & Advisory di PT Cushman & Wakefield Indonesia.

Disebutkan pula, selain sewa harga apartemen dalam rupiah, ada juga sewa apartemen dengan menggunakan hitungan dolar. Cushman & Wakefield Indonesia mencatat untuk harga sewa di CBD, kenaikan sebesar delapan persen dari tahun ke tahun menjadi USD19,14 m2.

Sementara untuk premium Grade A kenaikan 26,9 persen dari tahun ke tahun menjadi USD32,60 per m2. Kemudian untuk Grade A, B dan C, kenaikan masing-masing 14,6 persen, 5,2 persen dan 3,9 persen menjadi USD25,33 per m2, USD18,17 per m2 dan USD15,25 per m2.

"Perkembangan tingkat perkantoran pada 2011 dan 2012 dengan pasokan tertinggi, yang menjadikan harga sewa naik," tandasnya. (nia) (rhs)

 

 

"Menpera dan Pengembang Harus Bermitra Bukan Musuh"

 

JAKARTA - Selain menolak sanksi denda, pengembang pun merasa keberatan dengan persyaratan pengajuan PSU baru, yang dikeluarkan oleh Kementerian Perumahan Rakyat (Kemenpera) di mana luas lahan yang diajukan minimal 6 hektare, dengan jumlah 300 unit rumah, serta perumahan tersebut sudah ada konsumen dan BI checking.

"Bantuan PSU kan sifatnya menstimulan, dengan persyaratan yang ada sekarang justru memberatkan. Kami menolak persyaratan itu dengan mengirimkan surat ke Kemenpera," ujar Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengembang Perumahan dan Permukiman Seluruh Indonesia (Apersi) Eddy Ganefo saat ditemui di BTN Property Expo 2012, di Jakarta, akhir pekan lalu.

Menurutnya, Menpera dan pihak pengembang, baik dari Apersi maupun REI harus duduk bersama dan menjadi mitra kerja yang saling mendukung dalam penyediaan perumahan rakyat.

"Harusnya saling percaya, jadi mitra bukan musuh. Makanya harus duduk sama-sama bicara. Supaya kebijakan yang dibuat tidak menghambat pengembangan perumahan," ujar Eddy.

Dia mengungkapkan, hingga saat ini, penyerapan KPR bersubsidi melalui skim Fasilitas Likuiditas Pembiayaan Perumahan (FLPP) baru terserap sekitar 15-20 persen dari target 133 ribu unit yang bisa diserap untuk tahun ini.

"Jumlah ini masih sangat jauh dari target. Sementara ada aturan rumah minimal tipe 36 saja yang bisa dapat subsidi. Kan tidak semua masyarakat mampu beli yang tipe 36, masih ada tipe-tipe kecil lain yang bisa dijangkau. Kami (pengembang) pun terpaksa tidak bisa jualan," ungkapnya.

Sementara itu, Deputi Bidang Pembiayaan Perumahan Rakyat Sri Hartoyo mengungkapkan, penyerapan FLPP hingga saat ini telah terserap untuk 26 ribu unit rumah.

"Dengan biaya sekira Rp860 miliar, dari total anggaran Rp7,1 triliun. Jika sampai akhir tahun tidak terserap sesuai target, maka tahun depan, sisa anggaran akan ditambahkan untuk anggaran FLPP 2013 sebesar Rp2,7 triliun," imbuh Sri. (NJB)

 

 

Kesehatan

 

Minum Air Putih Ampuh Cegah Bau Mulut

 

MENJAGA kebersihan mulut menghindarkan Anda dari masalah kesehatan, seperti gigi berlubang, karang gigi, atau bau mulut. Membersihkan rongga mulut secara keseluruhan dan rutin tentu akan mencegah masalah-masalah tadi menghampiri Anda.

Salah satu masalah mulut yang mungkin cukup memalukan adalah bau mulut. Biasanya, ini terjadi akibat dari reaksi bakteri dari dalam mulut. Dan tempat yang menjadi sarang bakteri adalah lidah. Lidah menyimpan jutaan organisme dalam sudut dan celah di rongga mulut Anda. Cara paling efisien untuk membersihkan lidah dengan menggunakan alat pembersih lidah yang bisa menghilangkan bakteri.

Selain itu, ada cara lain untuk menghindarkan Anda dari bau mulut. Misalnya, minum banyak air, mulut yang kering sangat rentan terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri. Dengan minum banyak air, mulut akan lembap dan air juga akan mencairkan konsentrasi bakteri volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) di dalam mulut Anda.

Makan buah-buahan atau sayuran yang renyah juga dapat menjaga kebersihan mulut Anda secara alami, dengan menghilangkan partikel makanan dan plak pada saat Anda mengunyah. Selain itu, buah dan sayuran juga meningkatkan air liur yang membuat rongga mulut tetap lembap.

Kurangi konsumsi kopi, karena kopi dapat meninggalkan zat yang dapat menghalangi oksigen di dalam rongga mulut Anda dan menciptakan lingkungan sempurna untuk pertumbuhan bakteri. (ina) (tty)

 

 

Waspada, Stres Picu Serangan Jantung

 

HANYA sedikit orang yang menunda mencari obat sakit fisik, tapi justru banyak orang yang sulit menerima memiliki masalah kesehatan mental. Sangat disayangkan karena depresi kecemasan dan ketakutan tidak rasional sering dijumpai, diketahui dengan jelas, dan dapat ditangani dengan baik.

Hal tersebut dibenarkah oleh dr. Cecilia J. Setiawan, SpKJ, MKes, psikiater di Rumah Sakit Awal Bros Tangerang. Menurutnya, masalah kesehatan mental masih memiliki stigma yang buruk di mata masyarakat.

“Mereka kadang takut memeriksakan diri ke ahli jiwa karena takut dikira sakit jiwa berat dan dipandang negatif oleh orang-orang sekitarnya. Mereka juga mungkin mengganggap bahwa dirinya hanya mengalami stres biasa dan bisa mengatasinya sendiri, padahal stresnya tersebut sudah mengganggu kegiatannya sehari-hari. Atau, ada juga beberapa jenis gangguan jiwa yang gejala-gejalanya merupakan cara pasien melepaskan diri dari kenyataan yang negatif, sehingga tidak merasa bahwa dirinya sedang mengalami gangguan jiwa,” tutur dr. Cecil yang dijumpai Okezone secara eksklusif.

Walaupun banyak orang masih menganggap stres sebagai hal yang seluruhnya negatif, kenyataannya stres dapat bersifat positif atau negatif. Dikatakan dr. Cecil, stres dibagi menjadi normal dan abnormal. Stres yang normal akan menguntungkan karena dapat memotivasi seseorang untuk mengatasi hal yang membuatnya stres.

“Sementara stres yang abnormal menyebabkan gangguan dalam fungsi sehari-hari seseorang. Ada hal-hal yang secara umum dapat menyebabkan stres pada siapa saja, seperti kehilangan pekerjaan, menderita penyakit berat, ditinggal mati orangtua, dan sebagainya. Ada juga beberapa hal yang pada kebanyakan orang tidak menyebabkan stres, tapi dapat menyebabkan stres pada orang-orang yang sensitif atau rentan,” urainya.

Secara fisik, stres dapat menyebabkan gangguan dalam pengaturan sistem hormon, imunitas atau kekebalan tubuh, dan beberapa jenis zat tertentu dalam tubuh.

“Hasilnya adalah penyakit-penyakit fisik akibat perubahan hormonal, imunitas yang menurun, dan pelepasan zat-zat yang merugikan kesehatan fisik,” katanya.

Itulah mengapa stres bisa membuat kita rentan mengalami penyakit fisik, menyebabkan kekambuhan penyakit fisik, dan mempersulit penyembuhan penyakit fisik. Misalnya, seseorang yang mudah stres membuatnya menjadi pencemas disertai dengan gejala fisik jantung berdebar-debar.

“Apabila tidak diatasi, dia akan sering merasa cemas dan berakibat jantungnya pun sering berdebar-debar. Hal ini dapat membuat dirinya mudah terkena penyakit jantung atau darah tinggi,” tutup dr. Cecil. (tty)

 

 

Hah, Es Krim & Pasta Bikin Susah Tidur?

 

SEBAGIAN dari Anda mungkin terbiasa makan sebelum tidur. Namun, Anda harus memperhatikan apa yang And makan, karena sebagian makanan dapat membuat Anda kesulitan tidur.

Hindari makan es krim sebelum tidur. Rasanya memang lezat, tetapi ternyata es krim punya kandungan penuh lemak. Makan di malam hari akan memungkinkan tubuh untuk membakar semua lemak sebelum Anda pergi tidur. Selain itu, kandungan gula akan memberikan Anda dorongan energi yang akan membuat Anda terjaga sepanjang malam, demikian yang dilansir Quickeasyfit.

Selain es krim, Anda juga harus menghindari pasta. Makanan ini mengandung tinggi karbohidrat, yang jika tidak digunakan akan diubah menjadi lemak. Belum lagi tambahan bahan lain pada pasta itu sendiri juga akan menambah lemak ditubuh Anda. Selain itu, pasta mengandung indeks glikemik tinggi yang berarti ia memiliki kandungan gula cukup tinggi. Jumlah gula yang tinggi akan mempengaruhi tingkat gula darah dalam tubuh kita dan akan mengganggu pola tidur kita.

Makanan dengan saus tomat seperti pizza, juga bisa mempengaruhi tidur Anda. Saus tomat mengandung konsentrasi tinggi keasaman, yang menyebabkan refluks asam dan heartburn. Konten tinggi lemak dan asam akan membuat Anda terjaga sepanjang malam. (ina)
(tty)

 

 

Selebritis

 

Wanda Hamidah Bantah Bercerai karena WIL

 

JAKARTA - Wandah Hamidah membantah jika gugatan cerai yang dilayangkannya kepada suaminya, Chiko karena ada wanita idaman lain (WIL) dalam rumah tangganya. Ibu lima orang anak ini menegaskan bahwa tidak ada pihak ketiga baik dari dirinya maupun dari Chiko.

"Saya bisa pertegas dalam kesempatan kali ini Alhamdulillah dalam perpisahan ini tidak orang ketiga dari pihak manapun itu ajah," kata Wanda di Plenary Hall JCC Senayan, Jakarta Pusat, Kamis 27 September 2012.

Pemberitaan seputar perceraiannya dengan Chiko untungnya tidak mengganggu pekerjaannya sebagai anggota DPR. Meski rumah tangganya sedang diterpa cobaan, bintang film Pengejar Angin ini tetap profesional menjalankan tugas-tugasnya.

"Enggak sih (terganggu). Alhamdulillah enggak terganggu, setiap hari kinerja saya enggak terganggu, tiap hari saya enggak pernah absen rapat ya. Harus bisa memisahkan kehidupan pribadi dengan jalan yang memang kita pilih kalau untuk mengabdi kepada rakyat," pungkasnya. (ega)

 

 

Suami Emma Waroka Divonis Lima Bulan Penjara

 

JAKARTA- Suami Emma Waroka, Juan akhirnya divonis lima bulan kurungan atas kasus penganiayaan terhadap Alex. Vonis serupa juga dijatuhkan kepada Alex yang merupakan bekas pacar Emma.

Alex dan Juan terlibat perkelahian di sebuah klub malam. Setelah perkelahian itu, keduanya saling melapor ke polisi dan ditetapkan sebagai tersangka atas dua laporan berbeda itu.

"Iya hari ini vonis dari terdakwa Juan dan terdakwa Alex, masing-masing divonis lima bulan kurungan," kata kuasa hukum Juan, Sunan Kalijaga saat dihubungi melalui telefon, Kamis (27/9/2012).

Atas keputusan tersebut, pihak Juan akan melakukan banding. Pasalnya, Juan tetap merasa jadi korban dalam peristiwa perkelahian itu.

"Namun atas keputusan tersebut, kami akan banding, sepertinya jaksa juga akan banding. Kita banding karena kita merasa korban," tandasnya. (rik)

 

 

Yulia Rachman Kesal Demian Tak Hadiri Sidang Cerai

 

JAKARTA- Yulia Rachman mengaku sangat kecewa dengan sikap Demian Aditya yang tidak pernah mau datang ke sidang perceraian mereka. Padahal, majelis hakim telah meminta agar pesulap tersebut hadir.

"Tadi majelis sudah bilang bahwa hari ini tergugat harusnya hadir, diminta secara resmi untuk hadir mediasi akibat perceraian. Enggak mengerti kenapa enggak hadir," ucap Yulia ditemui di Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Selatan, Kamis (27/9/2012).

Sepengetahuan Yulia, Demian tidak dapat hadir karena pekerjaan. Namun, Yulia mencontohkan dirinya yang masih tetap menyempatkan diri hadir ke persidangan meski sibuk di dunia keartisan juga.

"Katanya karena pekerjaan, harusnya bisa dijadwalkan dan dibicarakan dengan kuasa hukum. Kita tahunya di sini karena ada kerjaan," tandasnya.

Kuasa hukum Yulia, Muhammad Milano menambahkan, pihak majelis hakim telah meminta kehadiran Demian agar kasus tersebut dapat segera terselesaikan.

"Mengharapkan kehadiran Demian. Majelis yang berkeinginan langsung untuk mempercepat proses perceraian agar ada status yang jelas. Kita sangat terbuka, kalau cepat selesai kan cepat ketemu anak juga," ujar Milano. (rik)

 

 

Teknologi

 

Google Terapkan Teknologi OAuth di Android

 

CALIFORNIA - Google telah merilis alat untuk memungkinkan pengembang menyatukan teknologi otorisasi pengguna, OAuth dengan aplikasi Android.

Dilansir TechRadar, Jumat (28/9/2012), teknologi tersebut juga digunakan oleh Facebook dan Twitter untuk menghubungkan pengguna dengan aplikasi dan layanan eksternal.

Penerapannya pada Android akan menggantikan kebutuhan mengetik beberapa password untuk masuk ke aplikasi pada perangkat Android.

OAuth 2.0 tersedia untuk pengembang dari Google Play Store mulai Kamis waktu setempat. Alat ini memungkinkan pengguna (pada Android v2.2 dan lebih tinggi) mengakses ke banyak layanan, hanya melalui sandi akun Google miliknya.

Pengguna kemudian akan tetap berada di layanan tersebut, kemudian bergantung pada berbagai jenis proteksi password pada handset itu sendiri agar tetap aman. Selanjutnya, tiap aplikasi tidak lagi membutuhkan sandi. (yhw)

 

 

Inilah 5 Usulan Indonesia Soal Cyber Crime

 

JAKARTA - Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) mengatakan perlunya kesepahaman persepsi guna menghadapi kejahatan di internet atau dunia maya. Untuk menuju kesepahaman tersebut, maka mereka mengajukan 5 usulan pada International Telecomunication Union (ITU).

"Kita sama-sama ingin menata dunia cyber yang aman. Indonesia juga sudah mengajukan ke ITU soal menciptakan dunia cyber yang aman," kata Sekretaris Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Informatika, Djoko Agung Harijadi di sela-sela seminar Asia-Pacific Mock Court Exercise on Fighting Cybercrime, Jakarta, Selasa (18/9/2012).

Usulan yang diajukan sebagai bahan konsolidasi mengenai persepsi terhadap cyber crime tersebut, antara lain terbagi jadi lima hal.

Pertama adalah persoalan konten ilegal yang mengandung SARA, penghinaan, pencemaran nama baik, pemerasan, serta pengancaman. Hal ini seperti yang tercantum dalam Pasal 27 UU ITE.

Kedua adalah masalah pelenggaran Hak Kekayaan Intelektual. Ketiga adalah soal penyebaran berita bohong menyesatkan serta spam.

Keempat berupa penipuan dan pencurian menggunakan komputer atau sistem elektronik. Terakhir adalah soal kejahatan terhadap kerahasiaan, keutuhan dan ketersediaan data serta kejahatan terhadap sistem komputer, seperti dalam UU ITE pasal 30 - 34.

Sementara itu, ITU Cybersecurity Consultant, Marco Gercke juga mengusulkan hal yang tidak jauh berbeda. Dalam pendapatnya, cyber crime disebutkan meliputi akses ilegal terhadap sistem komputer, akuisisi data ilegal, pengungkapan data rahasian, kemudian intersepsi dan manipulasi data ilegal. Selain itu juga disebutkan soal interferensi sistem secara ilegal, penipuan menggunakan komputer, spam, pencemaran nama baik, serta portnografi. (mbs)

 

 

Valve Dilego ke Perusahaan Korea?

 

CALIFORNIA - Valve dilaporkan tengah melakukan pembicaraan dengan perusahaan permainan video asal Korea yaitu NCsoft dan Nexon tentang kemungkinkan penjualan perusahaan pengembang video permainan asal negeri Paman Sam tersebut.
Dilansir dari Digitalspy, Jumat (28/9/2012), harian utama Korea mengatakan bahwa para ahli online di Asia mengatakan telah mengajukan tawaran senilai lebih dari USD 893 juta untuk membeli Valve. Ketiga perusahan tersebut dilaporkan bertemu di Hawaii untuk membahas kesepakatan, meskipun Nexon dan NCsoft menolak berkomentar.
Seorang juru bicara Valve juga menolak mengomentari kabar tersebut, sementara analis dari Sedbush Securities, Michael Pachter percaya bahwa Valve lebih berharga ketimbang tawaran yang dilaporkan.
Selain NCsoft dan Nexon, Electronics Arts sebelumnya dihubungkan dengan pembelian Valve, meskipun salah satu petinggi Gabe Newel enggan menjual Valve. (fmh)

 

 

Otomotif

 

Daihatsu Tetap Setia Tunggu Regulasi Mobil Murah

 

JAKARTA - Astra Daihatsu Ayla menjadi primadona baru PT Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) di ajang Indonesia International Motor Show (IIMS) 2012. Namun, pihak ADM belum mau gegabah mengeluarkan harga jual mobil murah ini.

Direktur Marketing PT Astra Daihatsu Motor Amelia Tjandra menjelaskan, Daihatsu masih akan tetap menunggu Pemerintah mengeluarkan regulasi dari LCGC. Menurutnya, sangat riskan jika tetap mengeluarkan harga Ayla dengan mendahului keputusan Pemerintah.

"Tidak bisa dipaksakan menjual sekarang tanpa ada regulasi LCGC. Bila kita tetap paksakan, nanti bagaimana konsumen yang lebih dulu membeli dengan harga dari kami, sementara bila regulasi keluar harga tersebut bisa lebih murah," jelas Amelia Tjandra di booth Daihatsu, Hall A JIExpo, Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat.

Amelia merincikan, misalnya harga dasar Astra Daihatsu Ayla dikeluarkan Rp100 juta dengan kondisi pajak yang ada saat ini. Lalu ketika regulasi LCGC keluar harga jual Ayla kemungkinan besar dipotong 10 persen, berarti harga jualnya hanya Rp90 juta. "Kalau situasinya seperti itu kan kasihan yang membeli duluan," lanjutnya.

Selain itu, bila dipaksakan mengeluarkan harga nantinya akan mempengaruhi harga jual bekasnya. Untuk itu Daihatsu memilih tetap menunggu kebijakan Pemerintah soal regulasi ini keluar.

Di IIMS 2012 sendiri ADM membuka pemesanan inden Astra Daihatsu Ayla dengan hanya membayar Rp1 juta. calon konsumen ini akan mendapatkan nomor antrian inden yang bisa dipergunakan bila mobil dengan mesin 1.000cc tiga silinder ini sudah resmi dijual. (zwr)

 

 

Honda Teralis, Kejutan AHM di Akhir Tahun

 

BOGOR - PT Astra Honda Motor (AHM) masih memiliki kejutan dengan meluncurkan varian anyar di sisa tahun ini. Kabar yang dihimpun, AHM akan meluncurkan BeAT injeksi, dan satu lagi motor di kelas sport Honda Teralis yang akan hadir di 2012 ini.

Head of Corporate Communication PT Astra Honda Motor (AHM) Kristanto mengatakan, hingga akhir tahun AHM memang masih punya kejutan. Kristanto sedikit membocorkan, bahwa kejutan yang akan dihadirkan adalah BeAT injeksi dan juga varian sport Honda Teralis.
"Kalau soal kapan BeAT injeksi dan Honda Teralis diluncurkan itu mari sama-sama kita tunggu. Hingga akhir tahun ini kita punya kejutan, mungkin akan kita luncurkan di ajang Jakarta Motorcycle Show (JMS) 2012. Namun yang pasti tidak akan lebih dari tahun ini," kata Kristanto di Bogor, Rabu 26 September 2012.
Seperti sudah sering dikabarkan sebelumnya, Astra Honda Motor menyiapkan varian Honda Teralis di Oktober mendatang.
"Sesuai rencana, model sport terbaru Honda akan diluncurkan tahun ini. Ini akan memperkuat segmen sport AHM,” jelas Deputi GM Sales Division AHM, Thomas Wijaya, beberapa waktu lalu.
Kehadiran Honda Teralis ini bukan ditujukan untuk melawan dominasi rival di segmen sport. Karena AHM memang sudah lama menyiapkan varian ini. “Model baru sport Honda ini sudah ada sebagai master plan, dan memang direncanakan sudah lama. Jadi bukan untuk melawan segmen sport merek lain,” lanjutnya.
Honda Teralis akan menggunakan mesin dari varian CBR150. Honda CBR150 dibekali mesin satu silinder DOHC 4-klep, dengan pendingin cairan yang dilengkapi Auto Fan. Mesin ini mampu menghasilkan tenaga 13,1 Kw pada 10.500 rpm serta torsi 12,6 Nm pada 8.500 rpm. (zwr)

 

 

Detail Nissan Juke Nismo Lebih Merah

 

PARIS - Nissan membeberkan detail awal dari versi produksi Nissan Juke Nismo. Crossover Nissan ini melalukan debutnya di ajang Paris Motor Show 2012.
Menurut produsen mobil asal Jepang ini, Juke Nismo Nissan tersedia untuk konsumen masa depan. Juke Nismo dihadirkan dengan sistem penggerak dua dan empat roda.
Model anyar ini juga akan mendapatkan sistem kemudi baru dengan vectoring torsi dan sistem suspensi yang diseting ulang. Perubahan ini membuat Juke Nismo diklaim lebih tangkas dan lincah dibanding varian Juke sebelumnya.
Selain itu, versi produksi dari Nissan Juke Nismo ini juga akan mendapatkan bumper depan maskulin dengan intake yang lebih besar, grill Nismo dan lampu LED daytime running.
Aksen merah ada pada bumper depan dan pada side skirt. Warna yang sama digunakan pada cover spion. Sebuah spoiler dipasang di atap bersama dengan decal halus di bawah garis jendela.
Jok sport tersedia di dalam kabin, bersama dengan jahitan merah pada batang kemudi kemudi dan gear knob. Power mesin dari 1.6 liter turbocharged injeksi langsung mencapai 215 BHP (160 kW). Unit mesin yang sama juga dipakai pada Nissan Juke DIG-T. (zwr)

 

 

Ekonomi

 

Impor Ikan Turun 36 Persen

 

PEMERINTAH akhirnya mengendalikan impor produk perikanan tahun ini . di semester I tahun 2012, volume impor perikanan kinerja impor hasil hasil perikanan hanya 149.000 ton, turun 30 persen dariimpor di periode yang sama tahun lalu. Nilainya juga turun sebesar 28 persen dari US$ 178,6 juta di periode tersebut.

 

Direktur Jenderal Pemasaran dan Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan (P2HP) KKP, Saut Parulian Hutagalung, mengatakan penurunan ini karena pemerintah memang berusaha mengendalikannya. Salah satunya adalah lewat Peraturan Menteri (Permen) Kelautan dan Perikanan no. 15/2011 tentang Pengendalian Mutu dan Keamanan Hasil Perikanan yang masuk ke wilayah Indonesia. “Kami tetap konsisten meningkatkan penyerapan produksi ikan dalam negeri,” kata Saut.

 

Dia mengatakan, KKP ingin agar konsumsi dan industri pengolahan produk perikanan di dalam negeri mengandalkan bahan baku pada produksi ikan dalam negeri, baik dari perikanan tangkapan maupun perikanan budidaya. Karena itu, impor ikan hanya dilakukan pada saat pasokan ikan lokal kurang.

 

Saut menambahkan, ikan impor juga hanya untuk bahan baku di industri pengolahan perikanan dengan tujuan pasar ekspor. Kalau toh ada sebagian kecil untuk konsumsi, ikan impor tersebut hanya untuk memenuhi kebutuhan hotel dan restoran asing, Industri tersebut tidak hanya menciptakan kesempatan kerja yang cukup besar, tetapi juga nilai tambah.

 

Ketua Harian Asosiasi Pengalengan Ikan Indonesia (APIKI) Adi Surya mengatakan, dibandingkan tahun lalu suplai ikan lokal pada tahun ini memang lebih baik. Para pengusaha juga sebenarnya lebih memilih ikan lokal, dibandingkan impor. Alasannya, harg ikan lokal lebih murah.

 

“Saya mengambil contoh, harga ikan lemuru impor berada di kisaran Rp 7.000 per kilogram, sementara ikan tersebut di nelayan lokal bisa diperoleh dengan harga Rp 5.000 per kilogram,” kata Adi.

 

Dengan demikian, tingkat keuntungan pengusaha pengolahan ikan juga lebih rendah bila dibandingkan menggunakan ikan impor. Kalau toh industri perikanan mengimpor ikan bahan baku, menurut Adi, sifatnya darurat.

 

Berdasarkan komposisinya, dari total volume impor yang hampir mencapai 150.000 ton di semester I tersebut, sekitar 70.000 ton merupakan tepung ikan dan pakan udang, 39.000 ton ikan bahan baku industri pengolahan dan pengalengan, 6.000 ton umpan usaha penangkapan ikan.

 

Impor lainnya sebanyak 6.000 ton merupakan minyak ikan untuk pabrik susu, 28.000 ton untuk permintaan hotel atau restoran asing dengan jenis ikan berupa ikan salmon dan jemis oyster yang tergolong ikan mahal.

 

 

Total Bangun Persada Berhasil Tembus Target 2012

 

PT Total Bangun Persada Tbk berhasil menembus target kontrak baru sepanjang tahun 2012 yang dipatok sebesar Rp 1,8 triliun. Terlampauinya target tersebut setelah Total mengantongi proyek mega: pembangunan Kedutaan Besar Australia senilai A$ 230 juta (sekitar 2,29 triliun).

 

Sebelumnya, Total telah meraih kontrak baru senilai Rp 1,39 trliun pada akhir Agustus 2012. Angka itu saja telah mencapai 77 persen dari target 2012. “Pihaknya ditunjuk Departemen Luar Negeri dan Perdagangan Negara Commonwealth Australia untuk membangun Kedubes Australia yang baru. Dengan proyek in, target kontrak baru kami di tahun ini telah tercapai,” kata Sekretaris Perusahaan Total Elvina Hermansyah.

 

Dalam pengerjaan proyek prestisius ini, perusahaan yang berkode sahal TOTL ini menggandeng PT Leigton Contractors Indonesia untuk membangun operasi bersama atau joint operation. Leighton merupakan anak usaha dari grup bisnis Leighton Holdings yang berbasis di Australia.

 

Komplek Kedubes Australia yang baru berbeda dengan lokasi yang sekarang ini. Kedubes yang baru dirancang sebagai gedung yang sangat canggih dan berkualitas tinggi sebagaimana gedung prestisius kelas dunia lainnya. Total luas area mencapai 40.500 meter persegi di kawasan Patra Kuningan.

 

Selain membangun gedung perkantoran lima lantai, Total juga akan membangun kediaman duta besar, akomodasi staf, fasilitas rekreasi, dan infrastruktur di kompleks tersebut.

 

Laba melonjak

Total dan Leighton akan mulai membangun proyek Kedubes Australia itu pada akhir tahun ini. Lama pekerjaannya diperkirakan tiga tahun. Total juga baru mendapatkan kontrak pembangunan perkantoran Menara Senraya di Blok M, Jakarta Selatan, dengan jangka waktu pengerjaan selama dua tahun. Namun, untuk proyek ini, Elvina enggan berbagi informasi nilai kontrak.

 

Sejumlah proyek lain yang berhasil digenggam Total, antara lain, proyek Hermitage Service Apartment di Menteng, pembangunan Gedung Bandara Berau tahap II di Kalimantan Timur, Tuboscope Building Imeco di Jakarta, dan beberapa gerai Ramayana di Parung, Klender, Cibinong, dan Cibadak. “Kami juga sudah memperoleh kontrak pengerjaan Trans Hotel Bandung II dan PLTU Keban Agung di Lahat, Sumatera Selatan,” kata Direktur Keuangan Total Moeljati Soetrisno.

 

Tahun ini, Total juga akan menggarap beberapa proyek pembangunan industri untuk PT Gudang Garam Tbk di Gempol, Jawa Timur. Kemudian Hotel JW Marriott dan Hotel Holiday Inn di Bali serta convention hall di Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur.

 

Hingga paro pertama 2012, Total telah menorehkan pendapatan Rp 856 miliar. Jumlah tersebut naik 12,2 persen dibandingkan periode yang sama di tahun lalu. Sementara, laba bersihnya meningkat hingga 42,4 persen menjadi Rp 86,28 miliar.

 

Jasa konstruksi memberikan kontribusi terbesar, yaitu 94,33 persen dari total pendapatan Total. Pemasukan lain berasal dari penjualan kondotel, sewa properti, restoran, dan sewa peralatan konstruksi. Redaksi/DBS

 

 

Telkomsel Ajukan Kasasi ke Mahkamah Agung

 

PT Telekomunikasi Seluler (telkomsel) menyatakan menolak putusan pailit Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat. Kuasa hukum Telkomsel Ricardo Simanjuntak, mengajukan permohonan kasasi ke Mahkamah Agung beberapa waktu lalu. “Telkomsel keberatan atas keputusan itu,” kata juru bicara Telkomsel Asli Brahmana.

 

Langkah itu diambil menyusul vonis pailit oleh Pengadilan Negeri Jakarta Pusat pada 14 September 2012. Putusan itu akibat permohonan gugatan dari PT Prima Jaya Informatika, perusahaan yang ditunjuk Yayasan Olahraga Indonesia dalam penjualan voucher Telkomsel.

 

Menurut Asli, perseroan berkeberatan disebut pailit karena bisa diartikan tidak mampu membayar. Padahal permasalahan berawal pada saat PT Prima melakukan pemesanan kembali namun Telkomsel tidak memenuhi pemesanan tersebut. “Itu karena saat evaluasi 1 Juni 2012, PT Prima tidak menjual voucher Telkomsel sesuai dengan target. Ini yang menjadi sumber persoalan.” Belum ada tanggapan resmi dari PT Prima ihwal permohonan kasasi PT Telkomsel.

 

 

Evolusi Fungsi Warung

 

Kampung Seni Lerep di lereng Gunung Ungaran, Kabupaten Semarang, Jawa Tengah, tengah dibangun. Di tempat itu ad bangunan unik berupa warung yang terbuat dari kayu jati selain berbagai jenis bangunan lainnya. Ukurannya sekitar 1 meter x 2 meter dengan tinggi sekitar 2 meter. Warung menjadi unik karena tanpa kita sadari memiliki sejarah panjang terkait dengan jaringan perdagangan di negeri ini.

 

Pengelola Kampung Seni Lerep, Handoko, mengatakan, bangunan dari kayu jati itu diperkirakan diperkirakan berusia 80 tahun. Setahun lalu, Handoko mendapatkan warung ini di Kampung Karawangwulan di Kota Semarang. Waraung yang masih dikonservasi ini berupa warung kelontong yang menjual berbagai jenis barang. Beberapa bagian warung itu bergaya art deco.

 

Penggunaan kayu jati untuk sebuah warung menunjukkan masa di mana kayu jati masih tergolong murah. Menyebut murah untuk kayu jati tentu bukan untuk kurun waktu 10 atau 20 tahun lalu. Peneng yang ada di bangunan itu sayang sekali sudah tak terlihat angka tahunnya meski lempeng besinya masih ada. Penggunaan peneng untuk warung juga mengindikasikan penerapan pajak pada masa Hindia Belanda.

 

Trias Yusuf, ahli ilmu naskah dan budaya kuno dari Universitas Diponegoro, mengatakan, berdasarkan pelacakan naskah lama, kata “warung” banyak ditemukan pada masa akhir Kerajaan Majapahit. Kata warung bisa ditemukan di beberapa kitab seperti Negarakertagama dan bebeberapa babad, salah satunya dalam Babad Tanah Jawi. Kitab Serat Centhini yang ditulis pada tahun 1814 juga menyebut warung sebagai tempat untuk tempat makan.

 

“Warung tidak ada yang bertembok. Di dalamnya hanya da lincak kayu. Ada penutup di bagian atasnya. Pada awalnya tempat untuk tukar-menukar palawija yang terletak di pedalaman,” katanya.

 

Keberadaan warung di Pulau Jawa juga bisa dilacak dari kisah orang tua kita. Semisal di Kecamatan Pundong, Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, hingga sekitar tahun 1960-an masih ada penduduk yang bepergian ke luar daerah untuk berdagang dengan menggunakan kuda. Salah seorang penduduk di Pundong masih memelihara kuda. Ia ingin mengenang masa-masa berat ketika mereka harus bepergian dengan hewan itu.

Jarak yang jauh mengharuskan mereka beristirahat di tengah perjalanan. Tempat istirahat itu biasanya di persimpangan jalan. Di situlah terdapat warung yang menjual makanan dan minuman. Tempat istirahat itu biasanya kemudian berkembang menjadi pasar. Hingga saat ini pasar-pasar tradisional di Jakarta salah satunya berada di persimpangan jalan.

 

 

Tarif Listrik Naik Tiap Bulan

 

PEMERINTAH tengah mempertimbangkan penaikan tarif dasar listrik (TDL) setiap bulan sesuai dengan usulan kalangan industri. Skema tersebut bisa tujuan penaikan TDL untuk penghematan subsidi listrik, membiayai investasi serta menutup biaya operasional PT PLN tetap bisa tercapai.

 

“Sudah kita dengar kok (keluhan industri). Nanti PLN akan mengusulkan ke kita. (Industri) yang ribut-ribut itu usulkan penaikan per bulan, nanti kita lihat kalau memang itu menguntungkan akan kita laksanakan. Tapi sampai hari ini masih menggunakan (penaikan) triwulan,” kata Wakil Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) Rudi Rubiandini di Jakarta.

 

Meski demikian, menurut Rudi, hingga saat ini pemerintah masih berpatokan melaksanakan penaikan TDL 15 persen secara bertahap setiap triwulan sesuai dengan nota keuangan RAPBN 2013. Ia mengakui dari penaikan RDL rata-rata 15 persen golongan pelanggan listrik industri yang mengalami penaikan terbesar. “Yang jelas rata-rata nasional 15 persen. Tapi semakin besar pemakaian listrik, semakin besar bayarknya, karena kita lebih berpikir ke sosialis, yang miskin jangan dulu dinaikkan. Sedangkan mereka berpikir imperialis, yaitu yang produktif itu harus dapat subsidi banyak tetapi yang tidak produktif tidak boleh disubsidi,” katanya.

 

Dari total subsidi listrik dalam RAPBN 2013 sebesar Rp 76,8 triliun, lebih dari 50 persennya dinikmati kalangan rakyat miskin. Alokasi itu diberikan karena rakyat miskin lebih membutuhkan subsidi jika dibandingkan dengan kalangan industri yang jumlahnya sedikit. “Industri dapat Rp 20 triliun dibagi sekian pelanggan, mereka dapat miliaran. Sedangkan golongan rumah tangga dapat Rp 40 triliun, tetapi itu untuk 39 juta pelanggan. Yang sudah dapat ratusan miliaran menjerit, sekarang bahkan mau judicial review. Yang benar saja, sudah dapat satusan miliar masih menjerit,” tegasnya.

 

Pada kesempatan yang sama, Direktur Jenderal Ketenagalistrikan Kementerian ESDM Jarman menambahkan, opsi penaikan TDL per bulan sangat tidak mungkin diterapkan. Namun yang pasti, penaikan TDL sebesar 15 persen efektif mulai 1 Januari 2013 dilakukan secara bertahap. “Bisa jug penaikan per bulan, kami juga lagi pertimbangkan, yang jelas tidak sekaligus 15 persen,” katanya.

 

Namun, ia mengaku belum mendapatkan angka penghematan subsidi listrik tahun depan karena hingga kini masih melakukan perhitungan skema penaikan tarif untuk setiap golongan pelanggan.

 

 

Kritik Bank Dunia Atas Anggaran Infrastruktur

 

JAJARAN pemerintahan pusat hingga daerah menuai kritik dari Bank Dunia karena dianggap menghabiskan lebih banyak anggaran infrastruktur untuk membangun jalan baru ketimbang memperbaiki dan merawat kualitas jalan. “Akibatnya, hanya 43 persen jalan di kabupaten dan kota dalam keadaan baik dan sedang,” ujar ekonom senior dari Bank Dunia Jakarta, Daan Pattinasarany, beberapa waktu lalu.

 

Kondisi tersebut berbanding terbalik dengan kondisi jalan nasional. Meskipun jalan nasional sepanjang 38.570 kilometer hanya berkontribusi 8,8 persen dari total jalan di seluruh Indonesia, kondisinya jauh lebih baik. Terpantau sekitar 86 persen kondisi jalan nasional itu dalam kondisi baik. Adapun total panjang jalan, termasuk jalan tol, di seluruh Indonesia adalah 477.079 kilometer.

 

“Setelah krisis memang investasi infrastruktur mulai meningkat kembali, tapi tidak menjawab pertambahan traffic,” ucap Daan. Mengutip hasil studi Bank Dunia, penurunan kualitas jalan ini menyebabkan waktu perjalanan yang dihabiskan masyarakat lebih lama. Di Indonesia, untuk menempuh 100 kilometer rata-rata dibutuhkan waktu 2,7 jam.

 

Angka tersebut jauh tertinggal dibanding di Cina dan Thailand, yang hanya dibutuhkan waktu rata-rata 1,2 jam dan 1,3 jam untuk menempuh sejauh 100 kilometer. Jadi, menurut Daan, ungkapan bahwa infrastruktur di Indonesia bikin tua di jalan, benar adanya.

 

Bank Dunia juga menyoroti kesenjangan kebutuhan anggaran perawatan dan perbaikan jalan dengan dana yang disiapkan pemerintah daerah. Biaya perawatan jalan yang dibutuhkan mencapai Rp 32,5 triliun, sedangkan alokasi pemerintah provinsi kabupaten, dan kota mencapai Rp 14,9 triliun. “Ada gap Rp 17,6 triliun yang perlu diatasi agar kualitas jalan dapat dipenuhi,” katanya.

Peneliti dari Komite Pemantauan Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah, Ratnawati Muyanto, mengatakan, lambatnya pertumbuhan infrastruktur disebabkan oleh praktek korupsi. Hal ini merujuk pada temuan Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK) bahwa 70 persen penyalahgunaan belanja pemerintah dilakukan di daerah.

 

 

Produk Ekspor Indonesia Ditolak UE Arab

 

LEMBAGA Pengkajian Pangan Obat-obatan dan Kosmetika Majelis Ulama Indonesia (LPPOM MUI) diminta mengevaluasi proses sertifikasi halal yang dilakukan terkait ditolaknya produk halal Indonesia di negara Uni Emirat Arab, Juni lalu.

 

Permintaan itu datang dari Wakil Menteri Perdagangan Bayu Krisnamurthi, karena menilai produk sertifikasi halal yang dikeluarkan MUI seharusnya memberi rasa aman bagi eksportir. Dengan begitu, produk asal Indonesia bisa diterima semua negara, khususnya negara Islam yang menjadi tujuan ekspor. “Kita negara muslim terbesar dunia,” kata Bayu.

 

Diharapkan MUI dan BPOM menjelaskan bahwa proses sertifikasi halal yang dilakukan lembaganya sesuai dengan standar keamanan dan diakui negara lain. “Halal itu sertifikat, bukan soal teknis. Tapi soal akidah di dalamnya, ada syariat Islam,” tambahnya.

 

Menurut Bayu, Kementerian Perdagangan tidak bisa mengambil peran MUI dalam mengeluarkan sertifikasi halal. Karena, pemerintah telah menetapkan MUI sebagai lembaga yang mengeluarkan label halal itu.

 

Sejauh ini, Uni Emirat Arab menyatakan tidak mengakui label halal yang dikeluarkan LPPOM MUI lantaran mereka tidak mengenal lembaga MUI. Usaha lobi yang dilakukan MUI terhadap otoritas UEA juga gagal lantaran lembaga tersebut tidak mewakili pemerintah Indonesia.

 

Dengan demikian, ekspor bahan makanan ke salah satu pasar negara muslim terbesar itu mandek. Penolakan tersebut mencuat setelah sebuah perusahaan eskportir makanan asal Jakarta melaporkan kasus penolakan barang dagangannya kepada Kamar Dagang dan Industri Indonesia.

 

 

Kapasitas Produksi Semen Bosowa Akan Meningkat Signifikan

 

DALAM waktu dekat, Bosowa Corporation akan meningkatkan kapasitas produksi semen di Indonesia. “Langkah ini diwujudkan dengan menggenjot kapasitas pabrik PT Semen Bosowa Maros, Sulawesi Selatan, dengan menambah investasi Rp 4 triliun. Kapasitas produksinya akan meningkat signifikan,” kata Presiden Direktur Bosowa Erwin Aksa, pada Senin lalu.

 

Erwin mengatakan, produksi semen Bosowa Maros akan ditambah dari 2,5 juta menjadi 5,5 juta ton per tahun. Pembangunan instalasi produksi baru di Maros bakal dimulai pada November 2012, dan mulai beroperasi pada pertengahan 2015. “Pabriknya diharapkan selesai dalam 20 bulan setelah ground breaking,” kata Erwin.

 

Sementara ini, Bosowa baru bisa menghasilkan 3,5 juta ton semen per tahun. Dengan tambahan produksi tersebut, nantinya Bosowa bakal menghasilkan 9 juta ton semen per tahun. Selain di Maros, Erwin mengatakan akan meningkatkan kapasitas produksi pabrik semen di Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur, sebesar 1,5 juta ton. Hal yang sama diharapkan berlaku di pabrik mereka di Batam, dengan kapasitas tambahan 1,5 juta ton. Nilai investasi untuk pabrik di Banyuwangi mencapai Rp 733 miliar.

 

Erwin menambahkan, pembangunan pabrik Bosowa tak menemui kendala apa pun. Penyediaan lahan dan perizinan sudah selesai, sehingga perusahaan tinggal memulai perngerjaan konstruksi.

 

Pangga Susanto, Direktur Jenderal Basis Industri Manufaktur Kementerian Perindustrian, mengatakan pembangunan pabrik Bosowa bakal memacu pertumbuhan produksi semen nasional. Dia juga optimis proyek tersebut akan berdampak positif bagi pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia bagian timur, yang terganjal oleh keterbatasan infrastruktur. “Permintaan semen di kawasan itu terus meningkat seiring maraknya proyek konstruksi,” kata Pangga.

 

Dia juga mengungkapkan, selain Bosowa ada dua perusahaan semen asal Cina berencana membangun pabrik: Anhui Conch Cement Co Ltd. Perusahaan tersebut akan mendirikan pabrik di Kalimantan dengan kapasitas produksi 10 juta ton per tahun. Sedangkan State Development and Investment Cooperation akan membangun instalasi produksi di Papua dengan kapasitas 1 juta ton per tahun. “Tapi investasi asing itu baru terwujud tiga tahun mendatang,” katanya.

 

Kementerian Perindustrian menyebutkan data bahwa total konsumsi semen 2011 mencapai 48 juta ton. Hingga akhir Agustus 2012, jumlah konsumsi semen mencapai 34,4 juta ton, atau naik 10 persen dibandingkan dengan periode yang sama tahun sebelumnya. Pada akhir tahun, pemerintah memasang target serapan semen sebanyak 54 juta ton.

 

 

Kuota BBM Tidak Meleset Lagi

 

PEMERINTAH berjanji tidak meleset dalam penghitungan kuota bahan bakar minyak (BBM) bersubsidi di tahun-tahun mendatang dalam APBN. Disparitas harga antara BBM subsidi dan nonsubsidi yang dibiarkan terlampau tinggi menjadi biang kerok penyelewengan.

 

“Optimistis kuota BBM bersubsidi dalam RAPBN 2013 sebesar 46,01 juta kiloliter tidak berlebih. Kami yakin dengan angka-angka asumsi yang ada,” kata Wakil Menteri ESDM Rudi Rubiandini di Jakarta, kemarin.

 

Menurut Rudi, optimesme kuota itu akan pas karena adanya pelarangan penuh kendaraan dinas, pertambangan, dan perkebunan memakai BBM bersubsidi mulai 1 Januari 2013. Pada 2012, program serupa baru terbilang aktif pada 2-3 bulan terakhir saja. “Ditambah lagi, pemakaian BM di Kalimantan tahun depan akan diperketat,” ujarnya.

 

Rudi yakin, program konversi BBM ke BBG untuk kendaraan juga akan meningkat. Tanpa program-program tersebut, diperkirakan konsumsi BBM bersubsidi bisa mencapai 48,76 juta kiloliter.

 

Perihal target yang meleset, awal pekan lalu Komisi VII DPR baru saja menyetujui penambahan kuota BBM bersubsidi 4,04 juta kiloliter untuk sisa tahun ini. Dengan tambahan kuota yang membutuhkan dana hingga Rp 16 triliun, total kuota BBM bersubsidi 2012 mencapai 44,04 juta kiloliter.

 

Rudi menyebutkan soal tambahan kuota bahwa pembatasan BBM yang hanya berkutak di Jabodetabek dan Jawa-Bali membuat penghematan BBM bersubsidi kurang maksimal. Peningkatan mobil-motor juga membuat konsumsi BBM bersubsidi bertambah.

 

 

Pemerintahan

 

 Dahlan Iskan Tawarkan ke Jokowi

 

MENTERI Negara Badan Usaha Milik Negara Dahlan Iskan menjelaskan telah menawarkan sejumlah proyek pembangunan sarana transportasi di wilayah DKI Jakarta. “Kita jalankan kembali supaya tiang monorel yang sudah mangkrak bisa segera dibangun kembali,” kata Dahlan.

 

Dahlan akan mengusulkan PT Adhi Karya (Persero) Tbk bertindak sebagai pelaksana proyek monorel. Sedangkan untuk jalan layak tol dalam kota diusulkan bisa dilaksanakan PT Jasa Marga (Persero) Tbk. PT Hutama Karya (Persero) pun diusulkan untuk membangun proyek kereta layang Slipi-Bekasi.

 

Kemudian, buat 24 proyek jalan bawah, lahan yang digunakan untuk pembangunan merupakan milik PT Kereta Api (Persero). “Nanti akan kami usulkan. Tapi terserah pemerintah DKI, mau menerima atau menolak.”

 

Dikonfirmasi ke Direktur Utama Adhi Karya, Kiswodarmawan, membenarkan pihaknya akan segera menawarkan konsep pembangunan monorel ke Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta. “Syukurlah, yang berpotensi menang Pak Jokowi-Ahok yang notabene mendukung ide monorel,” kata Kiswodarmawan.

 

Adhi Karya menawarkan konsep “link transportation monorail”. Total rute yang dilewati itu adalah 13 kilometer dengan 16 stasiun, melewati 21 mal, 110 gedung perkantoran, 26 pasar dan sekolah, serta 19 apartemen. Satu rangkaian monorel terdiri atas sempat gerbong, yang masing-masing berkapasitas 200 orang.

 

Kiswo mengatakan, dana yang dibutuhkan untuk membangun proyek itu sekitar Rp 3,7 triliun. Sumber dana berasal dari perusahaan dan utang perbankan. PT Perumahan Nasional (perumnas) juga berencana menawarkan proyek pembangunan rumah murah bagi warga DKI Jakarta. “Bagaimana pun, Jakarta adalah kota besar yang memiliki masalah kepadatan. Jadi dibutuhkan penataan,” kata Direktur Utama Perumnas Himawan Arif Sugoto.

 

Menurutnya, dalam mengatasi kepadatan dibutuhkan keras dari Perumnas. Perumnas akan menawarkan kerjasama kepada Pemprov DKI untuk menata pemukiman warga. Sedangkan untuk kawasan kumuh, tidak akan dilakukan penggusuran, melainkan rehabilitasi warga. “Kami juga berhak menata kawasan dan memperbaiki rumah susun yang sudah tua,” katanya.

 

 

BASUKI TJAHAJA PURNAMA

 

Siap Mundur bila Gagal

CALON gubernur DKI Jakarta Basuki Tjahaja Purnama atau akrab disapa Ahok siap mundur apabila gagal dalam menunaikan janji yang ditebar kampanye.

 

Banyak janji yang ditebar selama kampanye pemilu kada. Bagaimana kalau tidak terpenuhi?

Kita pasti dicela, akan habis partai kami di 2014.

 

Lalu bagaimana?

Kami tidak akan lagi didukung. Jadi, partai kami menugaskan kami supaya di 2014 mereka mendapatkan suara dari aspek politik. Nah, bahwa juga orang itu, kalau mau maju Anda tidak harus berpikir uang. Namun, Anda harus berpikir punya karakter yang teruji di masyarakat. Partai akan menyediakan kareta tanpa Anda perlu membayar. Nah, lalu kalau kami tidak menepati janji kami dalam satu tahun dua tahun tidak terealisasi, itu akan menghancurkan partai kami.

 

Optimistis bisa memenuhi semua janji?

Kalau tidak optimistis, partai tidak mungkin mencalonkan kami.

 

Apa program 100 hari pertama?

Kita akan benahi birokrasi, termasuk dengan masalah kemacetan. Itu sudah jelas. Tapi yang paling jelas adalah masalah pendidikan dan kesehatan. Dan ke depan itu masalah pengeluaran identitas KTP. Itu bisa kita bereskan dengan cepat dalam 100 hari.

 

Indikatornya?

Indikatornya Anda bisa lihat. Untuk KTP bisa hitungan jam. Semuanya ada standar pelayanan minimum. Jadi kalau kita bicara kesehatan, Anda masuk kelas tiga akan kami tanggung selama Anda masuk kelas tiga. Kalau Anda masuk kelas dua, Anda masuk kelas dua. Tidak bisa masuk sekolah karena masalah apapun, Anda bisa menghubungi kami.

 

Soal Rhoma Irama yang terkesan tidak ingin DKI Jakarta dipimpin oleh etnis China?

Saya kira itu hak demokrasi setiap warga negara. Tapi, Pak Fauzi Bowo kan mendukung dan bahkan membantu kami. Jadi it’s oke lah.

 

Sejauh ini sudah pernah bertemu dengan raja dangdut itu?

Saya tidak pernah bertemu, tapi sudah memaafkan beliau. Bahkan ibunda Jokowi sudah memaafkan beliau.

 

Apa resep Anda agar Anda dan Jokowi langgeng?

Saya pikir kita harus tahu kita ini siapa. Kita ini wakil. Tugas wakil itu untuk membuat gubernur berhasil. Jadi kita harus jadi akar dan tidak saling bentrokan. Itu penting. Dan semuanya itu juga saling bagi tugas.

 

 

Daerah Lalai Perhatikan RT/RW, Tidak Mendapatkan DAK

 

TAK sedikit pemerintah daerah dalam menjalankan roda pembangunan tidak memperhatikan rencana tata ruang wilayah (RTRW) sehingga merusak aturan. Sikap lalai itu membuat Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum melakukan tindakan sanksi tidak memberikan dana alokasi khusus (DAK) jika setiap daerah acuh terhadap kepentingan RTRW. DAK sangat dibutuhkan sebagai stimulus untuk membantu daerah.

 

Dari 461 kabupaten dan kota, tercatat masih ada 30 daerah yang belum mengajukan RTRW. Sebanyak 187 kabupaten dan kota, di antaranya masih dalam proses mengubah RTRW menjadi peraturan daerah. Selain RTRW, yang masuk kriteria teknis, ada syarat khusus di mana daerah tersebut berhak memperoleh DAK, yaitu masuk kategori tertinggal, berbatasan dengan negara lain, rawan bencana, pesisir atau kepulauan, daerah ketahanan pangan, dan pariwisata.

 

Tahun depan, Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum mengajukan DAK sebesar Rp 29, 9 triliun. Angka ini naik dibanding dana yang digelontorkan tahun ini sebesar Rp 6,99 triliun. Untuk tahun depan, DAK sebesar Rp 18,1 triliun dialokasikan untuk pembangunan 364.739 kilometer jalan kabupaten/kota, di mana 46 persennya dalam kondisi rusak. Sedangkan dana sebesar Rp 4,4 triliun di antaranya ditujukan untuk memperbaiki 48.898 kilometer jalan provinsi.

 

Adapun dana sebesar Rp 3,4 triliun dianggarkan untuk memperbaiki 1,42 juta hektare irigasi provinsi dan 3,5 juta hektare irigasi kabupaten kota. Anggaran itu juga dialokasikan untuk air minum dan sanitasi di 461 kabupaten dan kota dengan alokasi Rp 3,3 triliun.

 

 

Anggaran Perjalanan Dinas 2013 Jadi Rp 19,7 Triliun

 

MENTERI Keuangan Agus Martowardojo mengatakan biaya perjalanan pegawai negeri akan direvisi dari Rp 23 triliun menjadi Rp 19,7 triliun dalam Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN) tahun depan. “Anggaran 2013 akan kami koreksi lagi agar bisa mendekati anggaran 2012,” kata Agus di kantor Kementerian Keuangan beberapa waktu lalu.

 

Pada 2013, pemerintah semula akan mengalokasikan Rp 23 triliun untuk perjalanan para pejabat negara, baik di dalam maupun di luar negeri. Namun, sejumlah pihak menilai angka tersebut terlalu besar. Tahun ini pemerintah hanya menganggarkan sekitar Rp 18,9 triliun, lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan anggaran 2011 sebesar Rp 20,9 triliun.

 

Agus mengungkapkan, pemerintah akan memotong anggaran perjalanan di setiap kementerian dan lembaga rata-rata 10 persen. “Kami akan membahasnya kembali. Sebab, ada kementerian dan lembaga tertentu yang memang membutuhkan dana besar untuk perjalanan dinas,” katanya.

 

Menurutnya, dalam tiga tahun terakhir pemerintah berusaha memangkas biaya perjalanan dinas. “Semua lembaga pemerintah harus bisa bekerja sama untuk mengendalikan biaya perjalanan karena itu ada dalam pos non-operasional.

 

Koordinator Forus Indonesia untuk Transparansi Anggaran (Fitra) Uchok Sky Khadafi mengatakan pemerintah bisa menekan anggaran hingga Rp 19,7 triliun dinilai masih terlalu besar, sehingga tetap berpeluang dikorupsi. Dia mengusulkan pemerintah mengurangi perjalanan yang dianggap tidak penting. Seminar atau sosialisasi ke daerah, misalnya, bisa diganti dengan konferensi melalui video.

 

Begitu pula perjalanan dinas anggota DPR. Jika dinilai tidak efektif dan tak menghasilkan, Uchok mengusulkan agar dana itu dialihkan ke anggaran lain atau dihapus sama sekali.

 

Menurut anggota Komisi Keuangan DPR dari Fraksi PDI Perjuangan, Dolfi O.F. Pailit, anggaran perjalanan dinas tahun depan bisa dipotong hingga 40 persen jika pemerintah serius melakukan efisiensi. Pemotongan anggaran berdasarkan asumsi hasil audit Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan, yang menyatakan pemborosan biaya perjalanan hingga 40 persen pada 2011. “Jadi, seharusnya biaya perjalanan dinas dipotong sebesar itu atau minimal sebesar 20 persen,” katanya.

 

Dolfi menghitung, jika pemborosan tetap terjadi tahun depan, dengan asumsi sebanyak 40 persen seperti hasil audit BPK, sebanyak Rp 8,4 triliun uang negara akan mubazir. Jumlah tersebut hampir senilai dengan program pemberdayaan rakyat, seperti Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan bantuan bagi siswa miskin masing-masing Rp 7,3 triliun dan Rp 10 triliun.

 

 

Makanan


 Buah dan Sayuran Segar Impor Wajib Berlabel Bahasa Indonesia

 

PEMERINTAH kini mewajibkan seluruh produk impor hortikultura segar memakai label berbahasa Indonesia. Sedangkan produk hortikultura impor yang digunakan untuk bahan baku industri makanan dan minuman akan dikecualikan.

 

Aturan itu akan dimasukkan dalam Peraturan Menteri Perdagangan (Permendag) Nomor 30/M DA/PER/5/2012 tentang ketentuan impor produk hortikultura. Sebagai catatan, penerapan aturan ini ditunda dari rencana awal pada 15 Juni 2012 menjadi 28 September 2012. Sebelumnya pemerintah juga hanya mengecualikan aturan label bagi tanaman hias.

 

Dirjen Pedagangan Luar Negeri Kemdag Deddy Saleh mengatakan, impor daging buah jeruk untuk bahan baku industri minuman di dalam negeri, seperti jus atau minuman botol tidak memerlukan label. “Nanti yang dinyatakan impor oleh importir produsen tidak perlu,” kata Deddy.

 

Kepala Pusat Kajian Buah Tropis Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB) Sobir mengatakan, aturan itu cukup bermanfaat bagi industri makanan dan minuman dalam negeri. Sebab, selama ini industri minuman masih mengandalkan buah impor. “Indonesia belum ada industri yang mampu menghasilkan bauh dengan jumlah besar dan kontinu,” katanya. Beberapa negara pengekspor buah ke Indonesia antara lain China, Australia, dan Argentina.

 

 

Berlaku 28 September

 

Aturan impor produk hortikultura akan berlaku pada 28 September 2012. Deddy mengatakan, sebelum berlaku aturan itu akan ditandatangani oleh menteri perdagangan dalam waktu dekat.

 

Menurutnya, secara prinsip tidak ada perubahan yang berarti dalam aturan itu. Selain ketentuan label, ada beberapa poin penting dalam aturan tersebut, seperti, izin impor hanya dapat dilakukan apabila produksi dalam negeri belum mencukupi. Selain itu, impor hanya dapat dilakukan oleh perusahaan importir terdaftar (IT) atau importir produsen (IP) produk hortikultura.

 

Perusahaan IP produk hortikultura hanya dapat mengimpor produk baku atau bahan penolong produksi dan dilarang memperdagangkan. Pemerintah juga akan melakukan verifikasi sebelum izin pemasukan barang diberikan.

 

Dengan aturan ini maka importir harus mempunyai rekomendasi dari Kementerian Pertanian sebelum melakukan impor. Selain itu importir juga harus memiliki gudang penyimpanan berpedingin dan penunjukkan tiga distributor untuk mendapatkan izin IT. Peritel juga tidak diizinkan lagi melakukan impor produk hortikultura secara langsung melainkan harus lewat distributor.

 

Wakil Sekjen Asosiasi Pengusaha Ritel Indonesia (Aprindo) Satria Hamid mengaku belum mengetahui jelas tentang penunjukkan distributor oleh importir. “Peritel sendiri belum mengetahui jumlah importir terdaftar (IT) yang diizinkan,” katanya. Apalagi menurutnya substitusi produk hortikultura lokal belum mampu menyuplai kebutuhan secara terus menerus.

 

Manajer Impor PT Mitra Sarana Purnama Taufik Mampuk mengungkapkan ikut mengeluh. Dia mengaku sampai saat ini pihaknya belum mendapatkan rekomendasi kuota impor dari Kementerian Pertanian.

 

Mitra Sarana akan mendapatkan rekomendasi kuota impor pada 28 September 2012. Oleh karena itu, Taufik akan menunda impor sehingga potensi kekurangan pasokan buah impor makin tinggi.

 

 

Lain-lain

 

Berkah Agen Umroh dan Haji

 

BAGI umat muslim, melaksanakan ibadah haji atau umroh adalah sebuah impian. Tingginya minat untuk beribadah ke tanah suci mendatangkan berkah bagi perusahaan biro penyelenggara perjalanan umroh dan haji plus. Karena peluang pasarnya besar, PT Armineareka selaku biro penyelenggara perjalanan umroh dan haji terdorong untuk merekrut agen sebanyak-banyaknya.

 

Saat ini, perusahaan yang sudah berdiri selama 22 tahun ini telah memiliki 18.000 agen yang tersebar di berbagai wilayah di Indonesia. Di antaranya Jabodetabek, Bandung, Karawang, Tegal, Pemalang, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Medan, dan Palu.

 

Perwakilan PT Armineareka wilayah Jakarta Timur Dian Maulana Istiardi mengatakan, ada empat jenis paket keagenan yang ditawarkan. Pertama, paket biasa dengan biaya Rp 3,5 juta. Selain mendapat fee dari setiap jamah yang berhasil dia jaring, si agen juga berkesempatan mendapat voucher paket uang muka umroh senilai US$ 350.

 

Jadi, agen bisa ikut umroh dengan melunasi nilai paket umroh. Adapun harga satu paket umroh sekitar US$ 1.800 per orang. Kedua, paket senilai Rp 19,5 juta. Dalam paket ini, agen sudah bisa menjadi perwakilan dan berhak membuka kantor. Pusat akan membantu manajemen dan memberikan peralatan untuk membuka kantor. Dalam paket ini mitra juga mendapatkan 13 voucher uang muka untuk berangkat umroh.

 

Ketiga, paket senilai Rp 29,85 juta. Mitra bisa menjadi perwakilan dan membuka kantor. Bedanya, voucher uang muka umroh yang didapat sebanyak 22 voucher. Paket keempat senilai Rp 30,25 juta. Di paket ini, mitra akan mendapatkan 40 voucher yang muka umroh.

 

Setiap agen akan mendapatkan keuntungan sebesar Rp 1,5 juta dari setiap jemaah umroh atau haji yang berhasil dia dapatkan. Selain itu, ada pula reward atau poin yang diberikan jika agen bisa mendapatkan jemaah sesuai atau melebihi target. “Reward yang diberikan mulai dari Rp 5juta untuk menjaring 40 jemaah, dan Rp 227 juta untuk lebih dari 1.500 jemaah,” kata Maulana.

 

MAKANAN khas Italia bernama Zuppa Soup sudah tidak asing lagi bagi lidah orang Indonesia. Sup kental dengan topping roti ini memang nikmat. Sup ini enak dinikmati saat pagi atau malam hari. Bisnisnya pun senikmat rasanya. Karena penikmat sup ini makin banyak, sekarang gampang menemui pedagang zuppa soup.

 

Salah satu pemainnya adalah Afil Nurwidi di Pamulang, Tangerang, Banten. Ia mendirikan usaha sejak tahun 2005 dengan brand Zuppa Soup. Untuk mengembangkan usahanya, sejak tahun 2009, ia resmi menawarkan kemitraan. Saat ini, jumlah mitra usaha Afil sudah ada enam mitra yang tersebar di Jakarta dan Bandung. Dalam kerjasama kemitraan itu, ia menyediakan dua paket investasi. Pertama, paket senilai Rp 7 juta. Di paket ini, mitra akan mendapatkan perlengkapan dagang, seperti oven pemanas, mangkok, kontainer, spanduk, dan training penyajian. “Mitra sudah siap dagang dan tinggal menyediakan tempat berjualan saja,” kata Afil.

 

Kedua, paket kemitraan senilai Rp 15 juta. Peralatan yang didapat sama dengan paket pertama. Namun, jumlahnya lebih banyak. Selain itu, dalam paket ini mitra akan mendapatkan pelatihan memasak zuppa soup. Selain pelatihan, mitra juga akan diberikan resep zuppa soup buatan Afil.

 

Dalam paket ini, mitra dituntut bisa membuat zuppa soup. “Jadi mitra bisa menentukan sendiri berapa porsi zuppa soup yang dia ingin buat dalam sehari,” ujarnya. Ini beda dengan paket pertama yang menempatkan mitra hanya sebagai penjual, sementara zuppa soup dipasok dari pusat.

 

Afil menargetkan, dalam sehari mitra bisa menjual minimal 25 porsi zuppa soup. Harga seporsi dari pusat sekitar Rp 6.000-Rp 7.000 per porsi. Mitra bisa menjualnya ke konsumen Rp 12.000 per porsi.

 

Jadi, omzet mitra dalam sehari mencapai Rp 300.000 atau Rp 9 juta per bulan. Dengan omzet tersebut mitra sudah bisa balik modal dalam waktu dua sampai tiga bulan. Supaya target tercapai, ia menyarankan mitra memilih lokasi berjualan di tempat-tempat strategis. Tidak harus di mal, tapi cukup di pinggir jalan yang banyak dilalui orang.

 

 

Timba Ilmu Kreatif dari Jepang demi Percepat Ekonomi

 

SEBAGAI upaya percepatan pengembangan ekonomi kreatif di Indonesia, Menteri Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif Mari Elka Pangestu melakukan kunjungan kerja ke Jepang. Dalam kunjungan itu, Mari bertemu dengan Menteri Ekonomi, Perdagangan, dan Industri Jepang Yukio Edano. Indonesia harus banyak belajar dari Jepang yang sudah lebih dulu atau pada 2002 mengembangkan konsep Cool Japan sebagai ekspresi dari wujud industri kreatif dengan karakteristik Jepang.

 

“Sejak 2010, Pemerintah Jepang telah mengidentifikasi industri kreatif sebagai salah satu dari lima sektor yang berpotensi untuk menyumbang kepada pertumbuhan ekonomi. Hal itu pun berkembang dengan baik hingga saat ini,” jelas Mari.

 

Di bawah METI, Jepang membentuk Kantor Promosi Industri Kreatif untuk melakukan koordinasi konsep Cool Japan dan mempromosikan produk kreatifnya. Industri-industri kreatif dari Jepang diperkirakan menyumbang tujuh persen kepada PDB dan lima persen kepada penyerapan tenaga kerja. Jumlah tersebut hampir sama dengan sektor otomotif atau 8 persen kepada PDB dan enam persen kepada penyerapan tenaga kerja. Berbagai sektor yang menjadi fokus dari METI adalah fashion, anime, desain, kuliner, dan industri kreatif berbasis teknologi informasi serta film dan musik.

 

Pada kesempatan itu, Menteri Edano menyatakan bahwa inisiatif yang telah didukung Pemerintah Jepang untuk mengembangkan industri kreatif di Indonesia melalui kerja sama produksi film dengan judul killer. Selain itu, ada juga pengembangan musik dengan adanya AKB48 dan JKT48, dan Iron Chef yang juga akan tayang di Indonesia. Selain itu, Edano menekankan bahwa sebaiknya kerja sama Indonesia-Jepang ini diawali dengan pertukaran talenta-talenta kreatif dan pengembangan sumber daya manusia (SDM), yaitu talenta muda yang menjanjikan untuk kedua negara.

 

Mari mengatakan, Pemerintah Indonesia berharap dapat menjalin kerja sama dengan tiga hal prioritas meliputi saling berbagi pengalaman mengenai kebijakan pengembangan ekonomi kreatif. Proses pembelajaran implementasi kebijakan yang mungkin dapat dipelajari oleh Indonesia terkait dengan kebijakan, insentif fiskal, dan nonfiskal, promosi, akses pembiayaan, HAKI, pengembangan SDM, dan riset pengembangan.

 

“Pengembangan SDM seperti live in expert atau expert exchange, pelatihan, seminar, magang, beasiswa sekolah, atau kursus singkat. Lalu terakhir untuk memepercepat pengembangan industri kreatif dengan melakukan fasilitasi bisnis ke bisnis, jejaring kerja sama antartalenta kreatif atau fasilitasi kerja sama dan kolaborasi antara pemerintah dan dunia kerja,” katanya.

 

“Kami berharap pertemuan ini ada payung kerjasama dan program kolaborasiyang nyata untuk beberapa sektor dapat disepakati dalam waktu dekat. Ini menjadi ajang kerjasama dan kolaborasi ke depan yang saling menguntungkan bisnis, komunitas, insan-insan kreatif antara kedua negara. Dengan demikian, pada akhirnya memperkuat hubungan bilateral antara kedua negara,” kata Mari.

 

 

Belasan Operator Penerbangan Belum Menyediakan Klaim Asuransi Keterlambatan

 

KEMENTERIAN Perhubungan melaporkan separuh dari 21 maskapai penerbangan domestik berjadwal belum menyertakan asuransi atas keterlambatan jadwal keberangkatan (asuransi delay). Padahal, aturan yang mewajibkan asuransi tersebut sudah ditetapkan sejak awal tahun.

 

Juru bicara Kementerian Perhubungan, Bambang S. Ervan, mengatakan, telah mengirim surat teguran kepada maskapai yang dinilai lalai tersebut. Menurutnya, aparat masih menyelidiki operator penerbangan yang belum menyediakan klaim asuransi keterlambatan. Pemerintah pun bakal mencabut izin operasi maskapai yang tak mematuhi teguran pemerintah selama tiga kali. “Dalam dua pekan ini akan kami umumkan maskapai-maskapai yang melakukan pelanggaran,” kata Bambang.

 

Kewajiban penyediaan asuransi delay tercantum dalam Peraturan Menteri Perhubungan Nomor 77 Tahun 2011 tentang tanggung jawab pengangkut angkutan udara. Bentuk ganti rugi uang dipersyaratkan adalah uang senilai Rp 300 ribu untuk keterlambatan penerbangan selama lebih dari empat jam, pembebasan biaya tambahan jika penumpang dialihkan ke operator lain, serta penyediaan moda transportasi lain hingga tempat tujuan jika tak tersedia armada pesawat.

 

Klaim asuransi delay menjadi salah satu kebutuhan utama pengguna angkutan udara di Indonesia. Maklum saja, tingkat kecepatan waktu maskapai penerbangan nasional masih jauh dari yang diharapkan. Pada Lebaran lalu, misalnya, Kementerian Perhubungan mencatat operator penerbangan nasonal hanya memiliki OTP 46,6 persen.

 

Kasus terakhir terjadi pada Minggu kemarin. Sebanyak 67 penumpang Batavia Air dari Bandara Ngurah Rai, Bali, menuju Jakarta tak terangkut lantaran kesalahan informasi. Salah seorang penumpang mengatakan telah menerima informasi penundaan penerbangan Y6774 dari pukul 03.30 WITA menjadi pukul 06.20 WITA. Namun, pada waktu yang ditentukan mereka tak bisa terbang lantaran pesawat terebut telanjur berangkat. “Bahkan pesawat itu tidak mematuhi jadwal delay,” kata penumpang yang tidak mau disebutkan namanya.

 

Menanggapi kasus tersebut, juru bicara Batavia Air, Elly Simanjuntak, mengakui insiden tersebut disebabkan oleh kesalahan sistem penjadwalan. Akibatnya, jam berangkat yang tertera dalam tiket penumpang berbeda dengan waktu penerbangan sesungguhnya. “Kami masih telusuri penyebabnya,” kata Elly.

 

Menurut Elly, Batavia Air sudah memberikan kompensasi sesuai dengan aturan asuransi keterlambatan yang ditetapkan pemerintah. Bentuk kompensasi yang disediakan antara lain penerbangan pengganti serta akomodasi hotel, makan, dan transportasi menuju bandara.

 

 

 

Jurnal Ekonomi

Menghadirkan beragam berita seputar ekonomi yang dapat membantu Anda memperluas wawasan dan membangun khasanah ekonomi untuk keperluan masa depan.
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